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24 votes
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What does this shorthand mean?

I would recommend consulting the source where you found this. If it was a publishing company, they may have their own system of shorthand that will clarify this. Otherwise, this all seems relatively ...
Richard's user avatar
  • 84.6k
14 votes

What does this instrumentation mean?

This score appears to follow the Boosey & Hawkes shorthand for orchestration, which is of the form: woodwinds - brass - percussion - keyboards - strings (Wikipedia: Shorthand for orchestra ...
Aaron's user avatar
  • 89.1k
14 votes

Blondie's Heart of Glass shimmering cascade effect

To my ears, that's a synth filter sweep. It's a whole bunch of high harmonics of a midrange synth chord, with a resonant filter sweeping through them. You could approximate that sound with a large ...
KFW's user avatar
  • 199
13 votes
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Do the instruments used in a piece of music play a role in determining its genre?

Yes and no. It mostly depends on the age in which the genre was born, but it should be noted that some labels often used as "genres" are more vague "instrumentation-based" (and, ...
musicamante's user avatar
  • 6,851
12 votes

Trill notation with a wavy line

The sign for a trill is 'tr' (in bold italics). The wavy trill line is used to indicate the extent of the trill. The trill line is optional for a single note value, but it's necessary for tied notes. ...
PiedPiper's user avatar
  • 21.4k
11 votes
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Multiple Voices in "Rock" Piano

Is it also correct that in modern (e.g. non-classical) music multiple voices are used to show different instruments in a more compact way? Correct. There's nothing about this kind of multiple-voices-...
Aaron's user avatar
  • 89.1k
8 votes
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How Common Are the Trumpet in C and Clarinet in A?

Both are extremely common in orchestral music, and any professional musician (or even a serious college student or hobbyist) who plays classical music should have them. And even if they don't, they ...
MattPutnam's user avatar
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8 votes

Blondie's Heart of Glass shimmering cascade effect

I agree that it's a filter sweep. (Briefly, you vary the cutoff frequency of a filter on the fly - which removes/restores the top or bottom part of the sound spectrum - and the filter resonance. ...
j-g-faustus's user avatar
7 votes

Blondie's Heart of Glass shimmering cascade effect

As others have said, this is a filter sweep on a synthesizer. The fundamental pitch of the chord tones does not change, so a glissando is not a good facsimile. There are a few natural acoustic ...
Theodore's user avatar
  • 2,920
7 votes
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Is it "legal" for a conductor to reduce number of instruments in a piece?

There are definitely four horns in that video. You can see them in the wide shots just left of the timpani (stage right). You can clearly see them (well, blurredly) raise their instruments in ...
phoog's user avatar
  • 22.9k
6 votes
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How to write instrument names in a standard professional way in the sheet music

Different editors and publishers will have different guidelines (like with style guides for newspapers or scholarly publications, there's plenty of variety in music publishing as well), so there's no ...
AlexJ's user avatar
  • 853
5 votes

Blondie's Heart of Glass shimmering cascade effect

Sounds like a Solina string ensemble through a mono phaser. There's a stem-by-stem breakdown of Heart of Glass here. This video suggests that it's a polymoog rather than a string ensemble.
Brian THOMAS's user avatar
  • 11.6k
4 votes

What is the name of this type of bell?

This bell sound is made by tubular bells, also known as concert or orchestral chimes.
Richard Barber's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Renaissance or Baroque pieces with no instrumentation

Non instrument-specific music was standard in the era of Renaissance for several reasons: The number of instruments was far bigger (think of bagpipes, shawms, Gemshorn, hurdy-gurdy, some of these even ...
guidot's user avatar
  • 11.1k
4 votes

Blondie's Heart of Glass shimmering cascade effect

Could be made in several ways. A very slow use of a wah pedal, or a phaser set at a slow speed, or as KFW says, made using a filter with a synth. Any of those would work. Failing that, try a coiled ...
Tim's user avatar
  • 194k
4 votes
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Magic Bells in The Firebird

sur la scêne does indeed mean "on the stage". This does not mean that a performance will necessarily follow this instruction. About the instruments: All editions I’ve seen mark this as "...
Lazy's user avatar
  • 20.7k
4 votes

March form and instrumentation

If you want to compose a Sousa-style march, complete with proper instrumentation, you're best off studying Sousa's marches. Luckily, Sousa's works have fallen into the public domain, and a lot of his ...
Dekkadeci's user avatar
  • 14.2k
4 votes

How to write instrument names in a standard professional way in the sheet music

AlexJ’s answer gives some excellent specifics; but another important general piece of advice for all questions like this is: look at good-quality published examples of pieces/songs in the same genre. ...
PLL's user avatar
  • 948
4 votes

Are there any conventions or usual patterns on how brass is commonly used in classical music, precisely, in a symphonic orchestra?

Have a listen to this performance of Paganini Variations. You will conclude : Brass instruments can play fast and quiet (and simultaneously). They all sound slightly different - you should be able to ...
Brian THOMAS's user avatar
  • 11.6k
4 votes
Accepted

Are there any conventions or usual patterns on how brass is commonly used in classical music, precisely, in a symphonic orchestra?

The answer to this question depends on what is meant by "classical." Both the technology and the idiomatic use of brass instruments in the orchestra has changed over the decades and so the ...
John Wu's user avatar
  • 1,967
3 votes

Slurs for flute

Playing a group of notes with or without a slur will sound different. Hopefully, the composer should know how he/she wants the flute part to sound like and put the slurs accordingly.
Tom's user avatar
  • 5,092
3 votes

Slurs for flute

In concert band, we were all taught to tongue all notes not connected by slurs and play all notes under the same slur between two tonguings. This tip applied regardless of wind instrument - including ...
Dekkadeci's user avatar
  • 14.2k
3 votes

Trill notation with a wavy line

The wavy line alone means 'trill', so there's no real need to put 'tr' at all. So, it's one or the other. If there's tr and a long wavy line, that means keep on trilling until the end of that line, ...
Tim's user avatar
  • 194k
3 votes

Playing clarinet from saxophone music

It is true that the standard clarinet in B flat can cover a lot of tenor pieces. They are both written in B-flat, which means you won't have to transpose your sheet music. However, there are a few ...
Cothms_to_Ffee's user avatar
3 votes

Playing clarinet from saxophone music

If the sax music you have is written for an instrument in B-flat (tenor or soprano) then you can play it on a B-flat clarinet with no problems. Note, if the music is intended for tenor sax then it's ...
PiedPiper's user avatar
  • 21.4k
3 votes
Accepted

How does sound design affect musical composition?

Sound design serves almost exactly the same purpose in electronic music that instrumentation does in orchestral music. Orchestral composers will play with elements like giving different lines to ...
Kevin's user avatar
  • 3,133
3 votes

Number of instruments for the work

Most full scores have pieces have the instruments listed in front of their staves at the beginning of each movement. For example, the score that's posted to IMSLP for the canata you mention lists for ...
Michael Seifert's user avatar
3 votes

How many violins in a Mozart mass?

Generally orchestras playing music of the classical era, for example Mozart, use smaller string sections than orchestras playing romantic or later works. Even orchestras that have much larger string ...
PiedPiper's user avatar
  • 21.4k
3 votes

Is it "legal" for a conductor to reduce number of instruments in a piece?

There is nothing legal or illegal about this. It is not a question of law. You could ask if it is legitimate for a conductor to change the number of instruments use. That legitimacy would most likely ...
Michael Curtis's user avatar
2 votes

Instrument Register tone and quality chart

The chart is from Principles of Orchestration, by Rimsky-Korsakov. Here's a response from the video author: OrchestrationOnline 5 years ago Hi Anji! That is an excerpt from Rimsky-Korsakov's "...
phlaxyr's user avatar
  • 232

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