41

This is actually tr, the notation for "trill," an embellishment (or ornament) on a note where you rapidly alternate between the main pitch and an adjacent pitch. There are many different types of trills; the style of music (and perhaps editorial notes) will clarify exactly which type is intended. You can check out more in the Wikipedia article.


27

Just one thing. You will make rapid initial progress. Then you enter a consolidation phase. You must maintain regular practice but progress will not be so excitingly rapid. This is the point at which most adult learners give up. If the adult DOES maintain 0.5 - 1 hour daily practice, they should progress a great deal FASTER than a 10 year old. But it ...


24

Without. Point blank. Lights look fun to start with, but a beginner will end up watching them rather than learning to read. Note, you can usually switch them off, so you don't have to choose a keyboard that doesn't have them. I have no recommendations on mobile teaching apps, I've never used them.


19

Besides the copyist mentioned in the other answer, students could simply write on their own! No need to have someone copy it for them. Also it was not uncommon for teachers to write stuff down for their students. I have had teachers that give handwritten scores (or copies of them) and notes to their students. This still is a way that is pretty cheap ...


18

There are probably a few reasons for this. First of all I agree with your point that, like a language, it makes sense to play and make up your own sentences before learning the formalities of grammar and spelling. I see music as a language and feel that kids are better off exploring before formal training. Although we learn out first language the way you ...


15

Playing any instrument (save possibly the theremin) requires a physical interface between the instrument and the performer. If you happen to have an ideal physique for the instrument things will be easier, and if your body is lacking in some way you'll need to adapt. But having enough desire seems to trump disability. Not just through practicing, but ...


15

Don't bother with lights. The player will be forever chasing them. In fact, for a few weeks I recommend not trying to read dots either. Just get used to the instrument, what it can do, and have fun. I would hope that pound for pound, a keyboard without lights would have other, better features.Most will have speakers or a headphone port. Buying pre-loved ...


12

It seems like if I memorized the relative intervals between the notes on each string, it would help a lot with quickly making chords and such. It seems a lot easier than trying to memorize individual notes Yes, of course! The majority of guitarists have a way to think "directly" in relative terms - often using shapes as mnemonic aid. If you think in terms ...


12

I would say that music theory spans a range of 'types' of statements, from almost totally objective to quite subjective... You've got elements that are pretty much scientific facts, such as what the harmonic series is, or how the physics of instruments works, or how the mechanics of the ear work. Then you've got a level of stuff that is technically '...


12

All good advice in the other answers. The thing I’d add is, have a reason to play regularly. What that reason is will be down to you. Join a band, go to a regular jam session, be working towards your next exam or lesson, if you’re religious join the band at your church. What exactly it is you do is actually fairly unimportant at this stage - the key is ...


11

...the leading tone wants to rise to the root... Basic theory says things like... the leading tone is a half step below the tonic in a proper cadence the leading tone moves to the tonic, or if in a inner voice it may move down to the dominant. ...of course that isn't a complete theoretical overview of the leading tone. A claim that theory simply says '...


10

As an adult, you have different strengths and weaknesses in music than does a child. The best way for you to learn is not the same as the best way for a child to learn, but if you adapt to the way your brain is now, you can learn very well. Discipline A child's brain is more plastic and picks things up faster. It memorizes things faster, and has an ...


9

Language learning is innate* - everybody can do it & everybody learns the language to which they're first exposed without initial tuition. Tuition comes years after first exposure & simple speech patterns. By the time a child is 7, that initial language learning capability has diminished by factors. Learning a second language at 7 is possible, &...


8

Classical music tradition has something of a separation between the activities of composition and performance, with the score as the 'interface' between the two functions. Most of what you describe relates to learning to play. With traditional instruments and in the absence of computer/recording technology, it would be very hard to compose without some ...


8

You can't compare music education (especially not the teaching of playing an instrument) with learning/teaching a language - even if music may be compared with a language. It would be more appropriate to compare learning an instrument with learning to read and writing. Some children learn to read or write just by playing and discovering but most people ...


8

Definitely a trill. A forward slash would be much taller, narrower and more slanted. Certain fonts leave the tail and the cross off the 't' almost entirely, especially when italic and bold. Below is a comparison of '/r' and 'tr' in a more standard, modern font (on the left) and an older, less common font (on the right).


7

The question is fairly vague in asking for time-period, and music style. As such, I feel the best way to answer is to give you an impression of the various ways music was shared historically. Regarding Written Forms Firstly, written notation of music goes back multiple thousands of years - with examples of "something musically related" being found on a ...


7

Students could memorize the stuff (good for memory practice) or copy out the examples. Copying out "old masters" is a very good way to learn. One picks up patterns and see stuff from a different point of view for that of just playing the piece (of course, it's not so easy to play a symphony as a single person.) I have found this lots of help. Currently I'...


7

Its only my opinion, but my observations in the music store are such that they lead me to think the lights on these keyboards serve one purpose, to sell keyboards. I've never known any teachers that use them to teach with, and I've never met anyone that actually learned to play music that way, so in my opinion the lights are a sales gimmick but an effective ...


7

Although there is already a selected answer, I wanted to provide some additional historical information. I've recently been reading about 18th century music pedagogy (particularly Sanguinetti's The Art of Partimento, and Gjerdingen's Music in the Galant Style) and your question fits in really well with what I've been reading. In particular, music theory in ...


7

I started to learn guitar at the age of 24. It was my first instrument. I had no prior musical training. Now, I am close to the 10k hours of total practice time. I made progress, but I would be hesitate to call myself an "expert". It is more like that I know better what my weaknesses and my strengths are. I am quite sure that I would have made much more ...


6

I am referring to the time when printing books was expensive. Before people had books, they had clay tablets, papyrus and stone carving. This is how the greek did it: And this is how the mesopothamians (sumerians, assyrians, babylonians etc.) did it: (You can actually listen to someone from our time playing that score if you follow the link). Writing ...


6

The first bar could be written like this. The extra C just establishes that the melody starts on that note.


6

This is a good question but I think a hard one to pin down a short answer for. There reason is that there are several things going on in a musician's mind and body during the learning process and performance. First I would say that you want to use muscle memory. And, you do not want to be "thinking" about anything. When you get to that level performance ...


5

...Is comparing the key signatures the only way to quickly find a relative chord? Not necessarily for relative chords. Relative chords are always a minor triad below a major triad with the root separated by a minor third. The example above shows relative chord pairs - C & Am, G & Em - we don't really need to know the keys that are indicated ...


5

I find this knowledge extremely useful, and somehow required if you want to go past cowboy chords / most common shapes. You already make use of it when you tune your guitar, if you use the 5th fret method for instance. If you are playing richer chords, knowing where to locate the root / 3rd / 7th / nth degrees grants you full control on what you are doing. ...


5

There are countless examples of people who have substantially overcome major limitations, such as Manami Ito. This is conjecture, so please take it with a grain of salt, but I find epigenetic effects are far more important than the genetic ones. There does seem to be a mindset associated with each instrument which yields the best and most expressive ...


5

Since you play drums, it makes sense to look at the rhythm side of theory. There's enough meat there to last at least a month! At the same time, you will become accustomed to drum music, and what line/space each drum/cymbal lives on, and how the rhythms - some of which I'm sure you can play in your sleep - look like when written. That apart, reading ...


5

Your question contains a crucial misunderstanding in the two words piano keyboard The defining feature of a piano keyboard is weighted keys, emulating the hammer mechanism of a real piano. Most teachers recommend learning with weighted keys, because otherwise kids get used to keys which take little-to-no force to press, and this makes it significantly ...


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