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38

In many live music contexts, musicians have the problem of hearing themselves clearly. Typically when playing loud, musicians are positioned behind the main speakers (heard by the audience) to avoid feedback, and for the safety of their own ears. In that basic scenario, musicians only hear: the quiet sound coming from their acoustic instruments or voices ...


31

So, I work in live production, specifically in audio. With very, very few exceptions the mics themselves and the mic cables have no immediate redundancy other than someone being ready to deal with a problem should one occur (though if a lead vocalist is using a wireless mic, there may be a wired mic tucked away someplace on stage the talent can get to ...


26

They are called "Stage monitors". Basically they are speakers so that the band members can hear themselves and their fellow musicians more clearly. When the stage is big, it is hard to listen to the amplifiers (both of your instrument and of the others), so the sound techs set up some of those monitors and the musicians can listen to what is being ...


23

There might be many different reasons for different bands. So I will be able to point just some possibilities. Studio recording and live performance are different ways to present the songs. Recordings are being listened to in a different way than live songs. Different techniques might be appropriate for each of them. In particular, at the end of the song the ...


16

There are two different ways this can be done: a) The band plays at a quieter and quieter dynamic level, until none of the players can be heard anymore (over the crowd etc. noise). There are a couple of problems with this: Playing quieter almost inevitably also changes other aspects of one's playing.What and how exactly depends on the instrument and the ...


16

Adding to the existing answers - monitor or foldback speakers - so-called because they literally fold the sound back to the band. Often, especially in open air gigs, the sound is fed to the audience through large p.a. speakers which are in front of the stage, therefore out of earshot of the players/vox. This results in the sound being lost to those on stage. ...


13

I have seen bands do fade-outs live, and I have played in bands that did fade-outs live. So it does happen. Exhibit A: Why does it not happen more often? It's hard to do convincingly, for one thing. The musicians will need to play softer and softer until they are essentially playing silently. Most electric instruments ...


12

Playing in front of an audience is a skill in and of itself. Like any other skill it needs to be practiced. Pretending to be in front of an audience when practicing is one way to do it (though pretending only goes so far). Setting up your practice space to be more similar to a performance in any way will also help. If that means playing through speakers, ...


12

There are several youtube videos showing live setups for large bands, and you'll see that there is a LOT of redundancy in there. Thinking of Billy Joel's keyboard player David Rosenthal - he has two separate identical racks of equipment, set up so that pressing a single button can send the midi data to the B rack while the A rack is restarted, and he has a ...


11

The better bands I work with will have a list of all the songs - numbered. (That's one of the reasons they're called numbers !) The bandleader/ frontman will decide what gets played judging by the audience. If they are ready to dance, or just want to sit and chat, or even want to sit and listen. Numbers are often called out in twos or threes, so we know what'...


11

First, I mostly play folk, for very small groups. I’m sure a lot will change with your audience and style of music. The first thing to do is look at your audience. If I’m playing for an audience in a nursing home, I’ll choose more older and classic tunes than if I’m playing for a group of kids. If I’m playing background music, I’ll choose very different ...


11

They don't fade out in the studio. They keep playing in the studio. The engineer just slides the fader. Thus "fade out". A sound man can do that to a band, if the band has no acoustic drums and go thru D/I instead of amplifiers. Most bands hate playing like that, but sometimes that's what you can do. But no band wants to be controlled by the ...


10

As a sound technician for my church, one of the most important roles is making sure the musicians can hear themselves. This is done by controlling the levels in the monitors. Often, these sit on the stage and are called "Floor Monitors". These sit between the musicians and the crowed, and are pointed back at the performer.


9

It's trivially easy to play a fade-out 'live', particularly if everything is going through a mixing desk. We don't do it, because the audience need an ending so they know when to applaud. Audiences LIKE to applaud a song. They feel cheated if they're not given an opportunity. When a well-known song ends on a fade, backing tracks made for cabaret singers ...


8

Keyboard player's stage presence is much like the drummer's situation. Better than that, keyboard player can be standing and vision of audience is not covered by metal sticks and discs spread all around, worse than that usually audience cannot see what or how a keyboard player plays the instrument. So body language should compensate for that. For better ...


8

What is the minimum setup to use VST on a live gig, hardware- and software-wise (please supply a complete list, including MIDI and audio stuff etc.)? Hardware: Any system capable of running a plug-in host (PC, laptop, tablet, mobile). Audio and MIDI interface that is compatible with that system. Software: A plug-in host (the program that will host the ...


8

The drummer usually has a click (and the track) in his (in-ear) monitor. The rest of the band can choose if they want the additional track in their monitors or not. As long as they can hear the drummer they'll be in sync with the track.


8

First of all: variation is part of our nature. Not only we're not able to do the exact same thing twice, but we often don't really like it. And what you hear is not "off-beat". That's [re]interpretation. There are two important aspects to consider: Before mechanical recording and reproduction of music were invented, there was no such thing as &...


7

Depends on the event. I'm in a Celtic folkadelic band so let's take for an example a bar gig on St. Patrick's Day. First tune is a modal tune that any of the musicians can drop in or drop out of with any settings that they choose. That's the soundcheck tune that we use to tweak the settings for the monitors that the sound engineer has set up for us and ...


7

Another term for monitoring is 'foldback', which sums it up quite nicely. The sound is re-routed via speakers- on stage or in ear,in order to be useful to each muso. Care needs to be taken that the mix given to each individual is not tainted by any other sound source.Drums and bass, for example, need to hear each other far more than , say keys, so the ...


6

Play in front of an audience. A lot. Start with the family pet and work up. Close your eyes, if you can do that without it affecting your playing. There's a reason why so many vocalists close their eyes when they step up to the mic. If you can't close your eyes, then pick a spot on the back wall just above your audience's head and look at that when you ...


6

I think you need to look at this historically. Back in the days when the only real mobile multi-track recording facility was owned by the Rolling Stones, then you would be lucky to even be recording to multi-track at all live, let alone have any redundancy in the system. The only 'redundancy' I can think of was that they had to run 2 totally separate sound ...


6

Nevermind guys, I figured it out. So basically Ableton has a feature where you can map tasks like arming or disarming a track onto a MIDI event (CTRL+M). But it needs to receive that event from an external source. So I set up a dummy track containing the MIDI events that would trigger the required action at the right time. Now all I had to do was figure ...


6

You have a few different options. Mix completely "in the box", i.e. all mixing happens in software in the DAW. Your audio interface has enough input channels to bring all audio things into the DAW for mixing, processing with plugin effects and combining with software instruments. Output the main mix and maybe monitor mixes. DAW software such as ...


6

I don't think I have heard/read from musicians explaining why live fade outs aren't common, but I think you can come to a sensible answer by first asking why bands often play so loud? Of course they play loudly to be heard over the crowd noise. If the crowd is so noisy that the band plays loudly to begin with, then how will that effect a live fade out? When ...


6

These are called monitors speakers or stage monitors or floor monitors in this case. In your picture there are more on either side of the stage). Monitors are speakers aimed at the performer to make sure they can hear what they need to hear. The typical example is the singer: With the loud drum and guitar amps on stage, they would not hear themselves ...


5

When and why are in-ear monitors (IEMs) used together with monitor speakers? That hybrid monitoring configuration is becoming very common. The main why and when, according to Mix Magazine, is the preferences of the band members. One member can ask for in-ears, while another can ask for speakers. In-ear monitors are not for everyone. Drummers and ...


5

Those are stage monitors - basically, general-purpose loudspeakers with built-in amplifiers, designed to sit on the floor and be audible to people standing in front of them. Their purpose is for each musician to hear clearly and reliably what they and their bandmates are playing. Sometimes in big concerts, you can see a sound engineer standing at a mixer at ...


4

I would start with lively and bright tempo songs then introduce a slower tune. Usually a cover band will play three sets with twelve songs each in my experience. We put in one or two slower songs in each set. People want energy and dance in a top 40 cover band so I would play songs that are popular and energetic. In the middle of the perfomance is where the ...


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