10

[are there] any guidelines as far as recording a mechanical instrument versus using a midi controller or synth? No, only pros and cons. It all depends on what you want the finished product to sound like, and what instruments and equipment you have available to you. Are there any benefits to recording a real instrument [eg piano]? Assuming you have an ...


8

The real instrument will sound more real, but as you note, there are many challenges to recording acoustic instruments or anything with a microphone that are completely bypassed when using a virtual instrument plugin. With a plugin, you don't have to have an audio interface, microphone or cables. You don't have to have an actual acoustic instrument, which ...


6

You needn't calculate or estimate or do fancy math. Others have measured piano string decay rates, and they're messy: Measurements have been made on a high‐quality spinet piano to determine the initial amplitude and decay characteristics of the principal harmonic components of notes covering the entire scale. Decay rates of individual components varied ...


6

Hardware instruments (e.g. digital pianos) have a limit on the number of simultaneous notes that they can produce - this part of their spec is called "polyphony". As Todd explained, once you exceed the limit, notes start getting cut off. Some instruments try to do this in a clever way, cutting off the least noticeable notes; others are a bit more basic, just ...


6

You're probably running out of voices of polyphony. You haven't clarified what virtual instrument or synthesizer is the sound source, but most of them have some sort of voice limit, ranging from 1 to 128 voices. If you keep the damper pedal down, then voices can get used up very quickly. For most instruments, when the voices are used up and another note is ...


6

TL;DR Extra knobs and buttons are not absolutely necessary, but then again a MIDI keyboard is not absolutely necessary either, because you can just use a mouse. But since you're buying a MIDI keyboard, you most likely want to make it easier to play virtual synthesizers, and for that purpose the extra knobs and buttons are very useful. Even something very ...


4

The solution to this problem is to send your Midi keyboard back and buy a new one. It is faulty. The common denominator here is your keyboard's hardware. Not the settings, not the DAW. The keyboard.


4

For most instruments (apart from piano), if you have access to the real instrument and a real player, and cost isn't a factor, and realism is seen as a plus point, then you'd probably go for the real instrument. It's very hard to achieve a performance with most synthesizers (including plugins) where all the articulations sound at they would on a real ...


2

Rather more succinctly: You need sufficient controllers for the parameters of the VSTi that you need to control in real-time, actually while playing. Give us more details of how you intend to work - is this for live performance or are you always recording into a sequencer? Then we can be more helpful.


2

A powered USB hub will not harm anything when used in the perfectly normal manner you describe.


2

I don't know about your first question, but as for 2 and 3, yes. As long as each device supports MIDI in and MIDI out, they should be able to chain together appropriately. Double check with each device though, as some devices will process MIDI in instead of forwarding it. But Ableton is really, REALLY good with MIDI. So as long as your daisy-chained ...


2

Your best bet is to use a VST host and VST plugins. VST plugins are pieces of software that either generate or modify sounds; software synthesizers and effects, so to speak. As the name "plugin" implies, they aren't standalone, but operate inside some other piece of software, the "host" - often a "Digital Audio Workstation" (DAW) like Reaper, which is ...


2

No, a MIDI keyboard on its own makes no sound. Usually these are called MIDI “controllers”. These days, MIDI controllers are generally designed to work well with computers and specifically certain software packages. For example, the Arturia KeyLab controllers work especially well with the Arturia software synthesizer apps, and will also integrate with other ...


1

It depends on your software and there might be some tricky configuration, but the short answer is yes. For example, you can definitely do this in Apple Mainstage and Ableton Live.


1

Any electric keyboard sold today will have MIDI. It will be capable of being used as a MIDI controller with something ELSE making the sound. 20 years ago the 'something' might well have been a stand-alone 'sound module'. Now it's probably going to be a computer. If the keyboard is sold as a 'MIDI controller', that's very likely ALL it does. As you talk ...


1

I think miking up a piano for the first time in your life, in a non-tuned room, is going to be several levels of hell harder than getting something acceptable out of a sample player. Piano recording is a whole study in itself & really no two engineers agree on exactly which is the 'best' way. Conversely, pretty much any half decent piano 'rompler' will ...


1

In Linux, sequencer ports can be shared, but raw MIDI ports are exclusive. As a workaround, load the snd-virmidi module to create a virtual raw MIDI port, tell that program to use it, and connect the corresponding sequencer port to the actual hardware output (with aconnect). That virtual port can then also be used by arecordmidi.


1

Yeah, it sounds like you got a bad keyboard. I have heard of this problem with rubber pad controllers, where one pad is struck and the pad next to it triggers also. Does it happen no matter how hard you press a key? If so, you might mess with the velocity sensitivity and play with a lighter touch, but it shouldn't be happening at all.


1

Based on the comments, it looks like that answer to your biggest question is that a controller keyboard, or MIDI controller cannot make sounds on its own without a computer or some other sound source. Instead, you should look for a "synthesizer", "portable keyboard", "arranger keyboard", "keyboard workstation", or "digital piano". Which one of those ...


1

Your question is very broad. It sounds like you are asking 'how does music work?' That can't be answered in a Q & A forum, but here are a few things I suggest you look into... The basic Western music system uses 12 tones. All 12 tones are called the chromatic scale. That will be all the keys on the keyboard. But most music focuses on 7 of those tones ...


1

Given the diagram you've shown; The first line shows a keyboard connected to a Mac using USB (this is fine, and the current way of doing it). The Mac then connects to the interface using USB (again, fine). The diagram then shows the interface going through a DI box to connect to the mixer. If you're playing on stage, and you're quite a distance from the ...


1

This is too much for a comment, but can't be a full answer without knowing the OP's actual use-case. It rather depends on what you think you are going to be listening to. Neither USB or MIDI from your keyboard will transmit sound. They will both, in fact, transmit only MIDI data [just by different routes] to the computer. The computer will then have to ...


1

Yes, you can connect your Kawai MP11SE to your computer via a USB A to B cable. No, you don't need a MIDI cable. But you could instead do it that way if you wanted. The UR22 has MIDI in/out so you'd just need to connect a MIDI cable from the MP11SE MIDI out to the UR22 MIDI in. Then in your software—typically a DAW in which you'd be loading a Kontakt ...


1

One easy fix here: In your track, throw in a "RPG-8 Monophonic Arpeggiator", which is included in both Reason Full and Reason Intro. Turn Off the arpeggiator by clicking on the big red "ON" button. You can control your velocity at the top left corner, set a fixed velocity from 0 - 127. There you go~~


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