34 votes

What is `Roland's pitch` and `Yamaha's pitch`? and How to convert notes to them?

Middle C, the C written below the treble clef and above the bass clef, has MIDI note 60. Conventionally, this note is referred to as C4. However, Yamaha refers to MIDI note 60 (middle C) as C3. ...
Bob Broadley's user avatar
  • 21.4k
24 votes

What is the rationale of electronic keyboards having the voices that they do?

Yes, MIDI is primarily a communications protocol. But it also includes specifications for the General MIDI sound set. 128 sounds. Here they are, with their Program Change numbers. https://en....
Laurence's user avatar
  • 92.9k
22 votes
Accepted

Will recording as MIDI lose the quality of a WAV?

MIDI is textual descriptions like a book. Letters and numbers. C#5, E4, G3. Instructions that can be read and misinterpreted in any way imaginable. Channel 2, channel pressure 45. WAV is an audio ...
piiperi Reinstate Monica's user avatar
17 votes
Accepted

Synthesizer: why playing a second time the same note shut down the first one?

The MIDI specification says: If an instrument receives two or more Note On messages with the same key number and MIDI channel, it must make a determination of how to handle the additional Note Ons. ...
CL.'s user avatar
  • 1,597
17 votes

How not to sound midi without real instrument?

The biggest improvement is going to come from using better sounds. The easiest way to achieve this is to buy or download high quality sample libraries, virtual instruments and presets. Working with ...
Edward's user avatar
  • 8,228
15 votes
Accepted

Difference between MIDI tracks and channels

A track (or track chunk in terms of the official MIDI spec) is a block of MIDI events in chronological order. Channels are a way to assign different instruments/programs to groups of notes and related ...
Maxim's user avatar
  • 420
14 votes
Accepted

What is the rationale of electronic keyboards having the voices that they do?

Yes, it's correct that there is a MIDI standard which relates to your question, but what you are talking about predates MIDI and has more to do with the history of sample-based keyboard instruments. ...
Kieran Jack Commanda's user avatar
14 votes

Can Lilypond change MIDI instruments during a piece?

Fortunately there is (as you've noted) midi instruments for both regular trumpet and muted trumpet. You can change between them just by placing: \set Staff.midiInstrument = #"trumpet" or \...
Elements In Space's user avatar
13 votes

One note of chord not part of scale

I'd love to find who it is spreading this 'theory' that notes need to conform to the particular key or scale a piece is in! When learning about music theory initially - in the early stages - it makes ...
Tim's user avatar
  • 193k
13 votes
Accepted

Is the polyphony limit on a Digital piano tied to the sound engine?

A VSTi will have its own polyphony limit, completely separate to that of the generating instrument. This usually comes into play when you're using a lot of pedal. The notes on/off are still generated, ...
Tetsujin's user avatar
  • 27.8k
12 votes
Accepted

Lilypond: define MIDI output file name

You're on the right track for sheet music title and midi file title, but you should use \bookOutputName to control the resulting filename: \header { title = "File title" midititle = &...
Neal's user avatar
  • 3,432
12 votes

Why is MIDI gain based on a factor of 40?

I don’t know the reason but a bit of math gives a reason. First, a note: how a sound generator responds to a CC value is entirely up to the manufacturer or developer of the generator. What I found ...
Todd Wilcox's user avatar
  • 56.7k
11 votes
Accepted

Did people use DAWs or Trackers first in the 90s?

People did use DAWs in the 90s, but in the early to mid 90s, the few DAWs that existed were generally only used by professionals. That is because the processing power of computers was not enough to ...
Todd Wilcox's user avatar
  • 56.7k
11 votes

What can a modern DAW do with analog sounds?

All the sounds in a DAW are digital, not analog. What you're working with is a digital recording of your analog sound source (guitar, voice, whatever). Every digital effect can be used on every ...
Edward's user avatar
  • 8,228
10 votes
Accepted

In Lilypond, silence parts of midi output

This can be achieved by using tags (see the documentation), for example as follows: \version "2.18.2" myMusic = { \relative c' { c4 d e f | \tag #'printonly { \override NoteHead....
Jasper Habicht's user avatar
10 votes
Accepted

Why do MIDI note off messages have velocities?

Note-off velocity means the speed with which a pressed-down key is released back up. This information can be used for at least Rhodes electric piano sounds, so that the keys make a different release ...
piiperi Reinstate Monica's user avatar
10 votes

Synthesizer: why playing a second time the same note shut down the first one?

This is too long for a comment, so I'll make it an answer. Let's say you have a round-robin sample program that plays a different speech sample every time. You play this: NoteOn(1,40,100) // "...
piiperi Reinstate Monica's user avatar
10 votes
Accepted

Why is MIDI gain based on a factor of 40?

This definition of MIDI volume appears in the General MIDI Level 2 specification, on the bottom of PDF page 10 and top of PDF page 11 (printed pages 6 and 7): Regarding the curve of volume change ...
Bavi_H's user avatar
  • 409
9 votes

Black MIDI: Add 1/256 note in midi file?

MIDI (SMF) files specify a PPQ (ticks per quarter note) value, which is used as the base for all timestamps. Many programs use a value of 96 or 192 by default. The specification allows much larger ...
CL.'s user avatar
  • 1,597
9 votes
Accepted

MIDI count in with Lilypond

Yes, you can make a count-in that you can hear in the midi file, but doesn't show up in the pdf score. The trick is actually to make two score blocks (one with the count-in and one without). ...
Elements In Space's user avatar
9 votes

Mimic special midi reverb event that gets quieter the higher it is set to

The reverb doesn't change. That's just the wet/dry balance changing. First is entirely dry [100% signal, 0% reverb], last is entirely wet [0% signal, 100% reverb]. The reverb itself I'd call a ...
Tetsujin's user avatar
  • 27.8k
8 votes

Cheap way to make sound from a MIDI keyboard, without PC

If you're willing to do it DIY, single board computers like a Raspberry Pi have enough processing oomph to act as (simple) synthesizers. They come with a USB and sound ports, it's just a matter of ...
Dave's user avatar
  • 17.8k
8 votes

Cheap way to make sound from a MIDI keyboard, without PC

Firstly, does your USB keyboard have MIDI out (DIN) sockets as well... ...or is it USB only? If it is USB only, then it is possible to get a hardware converter (from USB to traditional 'DIN' MIDI) ...
Нет войне's user avatar
8 votes

Midi/usb interface sends "note on" instead of "note off" when 2 or more keys are released at once

Your USB/MIDI interface is this model: which does not work: not only does it garble any messages using running status, but it also corrupts SysEx messages. Buy any other USB/MIDI adapter.
CL.'s user avatar
  • 1,597
8 votes
Accepted

\unfoldRepeats and \repeat with midi output in lilypond

To get repeats to display in proper notation in the PDF, but to also unfold in the MIDI, you will actually need to make two score blocks. One score block with a \layout{}, and one with a \midi{}. Put ...
Elements In Space's user avatar
8 votes

Does converting MIDI files to MP3 files require creativity?

In theory, perhaps just about if it was a simple performance eg. solo piano, and you got very very lucky with the sample set you paired to the midi. However, bear this in mind, even if you have a ...
OwenM's user avatar
  • 1,942
8 votes
Accepted

How is a small MIDI keyboard mapped to a bass guitar strings?

From your comment: when hitting these with the mouse on the DAW as in the pictures, I do not hear the same sound, hence the question. So, the problem is not knowing about how a bass guitar works, ...
piiperi Reinstate Monica's user avatar

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