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What does laissez vibrer mean on a wind instrument?

The answer is in the two bars before. As you can see the last two 8th notes are connected with a slur in both bars. The composer wants you to play that last B in m49 as if it legatoes into a next note,...
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What does laissez vibrer mean on a wind instrument?

I'd like to thank all the people who answered or commented. The consensus appears to be it depends, so I can't reasonably accept one answer above the others. The first issue, raised in an early ...
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3 votes

What does laissez vibrer mean on a wind instrument?

Was the music in a jazz style? What we have here, I think, is a 'fall'. An instruction to fall off the pitch at the end of a note. Here are some more 'jazz articulations' from http://www.timusic....
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1 vote

How to play duplicated note at the same time?

I want to add to Laurence Payne's already good answer. Not only are there clearly four voices in this piece, they have clear and distinct characters. The second voice is syncopated, which is why there ...
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2 votes

What does laissez vibrer mean on a wind instrument?

I have no experience with reed instruments, but on wind instruments like a flute you can end a note two ways: 1. by stopping to blow / slightly opening your lips vs 2. by letting your tongue stop the ...
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1 vote

What does laissez vibrer mean on a wind instrument?

I'll be "that guy" and go against the crowd here. I've seen similar markings here and there which were deliberately created by the composer to stress that the played note should be held ...
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8 votes

What are these diagonal dashes in the Schnabel Ed. Beethoven Sonatas?

Schnabel is indicating that the bass voice here should be given more prominence than "just accompaniment"; rather, it should be played with the quality of a counter melody. He makes a point ...
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6 votes

Best way for random (cluster) chord notation

The top and bottom notes - which define the extent of the cluster - are usually shown more distinctly than in your mock-up. Black-note clusters are shown by a sharp or flat-sign; white-note ones by a ...
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2 votes

Notation for 8va on the repeat

In proper Italian it would be la seconda volta entrambe le mani un'ottava più alta But entrambe -"both" - might confuse people: it's rarely seen in music. So la seconda volta le due mani un'...
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4 votes

Notation for 8va on the repeat

If your score strictly separates the hand's activities between the staves, as piano music tends to, then a simple 2da volta 8va above the top staff should suffice, to my mind. 2da being short for ...
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10 votes

How to play duplicated note at the same time?

When writing for piano, composers very often notate a musical intention rather than precise playing instructions. We're being told that Schumann feels there are four musical 'voices' here, and had ...
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1 vote

How to play duplicated note at the same time?

This could have been better written with a rest in the tenor part. There's really no point in writing that F twice - it's confusing to a lot of folk - hence the question. It certainly doesn't make 5 ...
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1 vote

How to play duplicated note at the same time?

No. This is notation of two voices in one hand, both of which start on the f. So you have one voice that plays the f and then the c,a, and another voice that just remains on the f. Maybe also put a ...
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  • 4,755
1 vote

Which version of notating dynamics for woodwinds is more clear?

Both versions are problematic. The first version, as you noticed, is imprecise as to the timing of the piano mark. The second version could be interpreted as asking for a rearticulation on the ...
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9 votes
Accepted

Why aren't octave clefs used in piano notation?

it's easy to read and doesn't have any extra visual clutter. That's exactly why it's hard to read. With ledger lines and ottava brackets you have something there reminding you continually that you'...
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7 votes

Why aren't octave clefs used in piano notation?

The problem with octaved clefs is that these are quite uncommon and easy to overlook. Usually we do want the visual clutter of ottava brackets, because it should be clear from one short look from a ...
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11 votes

Which version of notating dynamics for woodwinds is more clear?

No.2 if you want the 'p' to start exactly on the third beat.
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2 votes

How to overlap notes from different voices to share note heads?

This is reasonably easy to do, but does take a couple of stages. They are quick though, especially if using keyboard shortcuts. Assuming you have used voices 1 and 2 in the top stave, follow the steps ...
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1 vote

Notation and use of cross-staff beaming

There are a few problematic aspects as written: The ottava bass is likely to throw off the reader. The triplet brackets align awkwardly, so visually confusing. The cross-staff beaming is also awkward....
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4 votes
Accepted

Notation and use of cross-staff beaming

I do find this rather confusing to read. Personally I’d probably do something like this:
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6 votes

Notation question: Adding half a beat to a bar?

In addition to other answers. But what about tempo? I've indicated a metric tempo at the start of the piece—but in 4/4, each quarter note gets one beat, and in 9/8, each eighth note gets a beat. So ...
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0 votes

Notation question: Adding half a beat to a bar?

You're overthinking this. "and in 9/8, each eighth note gets a beat" I could say "yes, and those beats are twice as fast" and be done with it. You get precisely the effect you ...
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11 votes

Notation question: Adding half a beat to a bar?

Here's some possibilities. If the note grouping is as clear as in my example, maybe the metric modulation is unnecessary in A. D is acceptable in today's music. But you will find it a challenge to ...
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5 votes

Notation question: Adding half a beat to a bar?

Well, that depends. Time Signatures imply an inherent beat structure. 4/4 will have 4 beats of 1/4th notes. 9/8 as three beats each made up of 3 1/8th notes or one dotted 1/4th. Depending on what your ...
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6 votes
Accepted

Do I need to explicitly cancel the damper pedal when switching to sostenuto?

When a new pedal indication is encountered, it is assumed to cancel the previous one. In a score indicating "con ped." followed later by "con sost.", the "con ped." ...
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1 vote

Do I need to explicitly cancel the damper pedal when switching to sostenuto?

If you are using con ped., for a general "use the sustain/damper pedal" indication, cancel it with senza ped.. Similarly, you might need to cancel con sost. with senza sost.. Whereas con ...
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3 votes
Accepted

Align note with grace note in different stave in LilyPond

The problem you’re facing is that grace notes are placed into a prior Paper Column. But you can nicely hack around this by inserting a minimal skip before the grace notes, forcing them into a later ...
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7 votes
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Instances of note beams across measures

I wouldn't consider it to be rare in the Romantic period - it's not in every piece, but it shows up fairly frequently; it didn't take me long to find instances in Chopin (Etudes Op.10, No.3): in ...
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4 votes

Instances of note beams across measures

I suspect you're right that it was Schubert's innovation rather than his publisher's. (Do publishers innovate?) A way to bring out the syncopation, as you say, or to make the phrasing more emphatic. ...
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6 votes

Instances of note beams across measures

I don't have a great gauge on how rare beaming across measures was in all Romantic-era music - I do have a strong feeling it was pretty much nonexistent in Baroque and Classical-era music due to their ...
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6 votes

Unconventional key signature: sharps on F & G only?

Normally you might expect a C# along with the F# and G# in the key signature. But there's no C# in the key signature because there's no C# in the (student's part of the) piece! The only F#s and G#s in ...
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2 votes

Note placement for beat/rhythm clarity

Versions 1 and 2 are both acceptable: version 1 is readable because the syncopation is simple, version 2 clearly shows the middle of the bar. There is no other good option. Note the stem on the E-flat ...
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3 votes

Note placement for beat/rhythm clarity

Of the options you have provided, the first is the best as the syncopation is clearest. But you'd probably want make the final note in the upper staff tied across the bar line (so that it gets played ...
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1 vote

Issues with formatting multiple voices in 6/8 time signature

Just to add one other option to Lazy's two, the need for tuplets could be eliminated by writing the passage in 12/16. Stopping short of recommending this (12/16 can be awkward to read), it's an ...
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9 votes
Accepted

Issues with formatting multiple voices in 6/8 time signature

Let’s start with the elephants: The two voices in the bottom staff have their stems in the wrong direction, and using a tied 8.+16+8 instead of a simple 4. is not really optimal. Then you should try ...
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2 votes

How to get Lilypond to produce a "repeat lyrics here" mark?

How about something like this: #(define-markup-command (repeat-text layout props) () #:properties ((font-size 0)) (let* ((dot (interpret-markup layout props (markup #:fontsize (- font-size) #:...
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6 votes
Accepted

Placing rest symbols according the convention of the time signature

The "convention of the time signature" is the definition of the time division unit, or "pulse", provided by the denominator of the time signature. 2/4 means the time division is ...
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20 votes
Accepted

Strange dynamic marking 'fmo' in Clementi sonata

It's an abbreviation for "fortissimo" – i.e., fortissimo. It (fmo) can be found as an abbreviation for fortissimo in A Dictionary of Terms Used in Music 3rd ed., by Thomas Valentine (London: ...
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0 votes

Why don’t piano teachers teach the chord method of playing to young children and adults?

Another view of this topic is that when you learn classical music or sheet pop music from a proper pianist, you want to see it as layers of meaning. I am not very good, but I have learned songs as a ...
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3 votes
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In David Fuentes FOM workbook 1.3, what does the arrow next to the V mean?, And the T?

The arrow is indicating that the chord is a secondary dominant: "five of five". In other words, the F# major chord in m. 4 is the V chord of b minor, and the preceding chord, with the arrow, ...
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6 votes

How to interpret this tuning description for a kalimba? a' c" c' a' A f' e' e" b'

The notes are named using Helmholtz pitch notation, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helmholtz_pitch_notation The corresponding note names in scientific notation (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
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1 vote

How can I create a tie or slur that goes to nothing in MuseScore 3 (let ring notation)?

If you select your first note and then add a slur, the slur will point to "nothing". Alternatively, you can use a "Let Ring", but this is more guitar-oriented.
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1 vote

How can I create a tie or slur that goes to nothing in MuseScore 3 (let ring notation)?

Personally I never use the l.v. symbol since it's a bit cumbersome. You need to manually position it correctly. This also means that if you do a bit more complicated layout adjustments you'll need to ...
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