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26 votes

Is there a mathematical formula or a list of frequencies (Hz) of notes?

In the 12-TET (12 Tone Equal Temperament) tuning system, we want the ratio of pitches in an octave to be 2:1, and we also want 12 (exponentially) equally spaced semitones per octave. So, the ...
Elements In Space's user avatar
12 votes

Typical pitch interval of the exclamation "uh-oh!"

The question is related to the "Air Ball" Phenomenon, which was studied by Cherrill P. Heaton starting in 1990 and published in 1992 as "Air Ball: Spontaneous Large Group Precision ...
Mark Lutton's user avatar
  • 8,790
12 votes

Does lack of sleep impact on matching pitch and singing well?

I think it's a given that fatigue will affect ANY skill, mental or physical. So yes, it's normal. Having said that, one definition of a professional is someone who performs competently even on a bad ...
Laurence's user avatar
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11 votes

Are percussion instruments the only instrument type capable of making an unpitched (indefinite) sound? [Electronic instruments excluded]

No, certainly many instruments that make pitched sounds can also make unpitched. Often this means using "extended techniques," i.e. doing "weird stuff" outside of normal practice, ...
Andy Bonner's user avatar
  • 17.4k
9 votes

Why is there a debate over whether or not percussion instruments are pitched?

There's no debate, there's a whole spectrum from almost unpitched to clearly pitched (e.g. timpani, marimba). There are a lot of weakly pitched instruments in the the middle (e.g. tomtoms: there are ...
PiedPiper's user avatar
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7 votes
Accepted

Am I hearing overtones or beats? is it normal to hear them?

I don't know what you hear, but I can suggest some ideas. Equal temperament is kind of out of tune, especially the thirds. The bottom note you're playing, G#3, which I would prefer to call Ab3, has a ...
user1079505's user avatar
  • 16.8k
7 votes

Is there a mathematical formula or a list of frequencies (Hz) of notes?

Musical tuning is a very complex subject. As a starting point, you should surely take equal temperament as your basic approach. Each fret raises the frequency by a factor of the twelfth root of two. ...
phoog's user avatar
  • 22.9k
6 votes

Are percussion instruments the only instrument type capable of making an unpitched (indefinite) sound? [Electronic instruments excluded]

Not exactly. The different between "pitched" and "unpitched" sound is actually a matter of degree, not discrete. An instrument that is heard as pitched creates mostly the same ...
NReilingh's user avatar
  • 35.3k
6 votes

Typical pitch interval of the exclamation "uh-oh!"

You say only the absolute pitches depend on emotion, but I think that's the most important factor in the interval too. Think of Dora the Explorer saying "Uh-oh!" versus someone only half-...
the-baby-is-you's user avatar
5 votes

Isn’t pitch memorization almost as valuable as absolute pitch?

If you can consistently sing a song in the original key, you have something very akin to absolute pitch. But maybe you have it at a physical level rather than an intellectual one. You have physical ...
Laurence's user avatar
  • 93.3k
4 votes

Typical pitch interval of the exclamation "uh-oh!"

When I recall hearing people saying "uh-oh", for me the interval seems to depend on the duration of the "uh-oh". When one says it very quickly, it can be the same repeated pitch. ...
Michel's user avatar
  • 144
4 votes
Accepted

How would I use a sound bank with a few notes to create a full range of notes?

As you've noted, playing a sample faster increases the pitch. How much faster? Under equal temperament, multiply by 2n/12, where n is the number of semitones higher. (212/12 = 2, which is an octave)....
Kelvin Sherlock's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Is there a mathematical formula or a list of frequencies (Hz) of notes?

it's very simple, here it is in php. assuming you're using A4 = 440Hz and a bass guitar (12 tone equal temperament) which is in the question. <?php class Pitch extends IntegerValue { private ...
yarns's user avatar
  • 362
3 votes

How would I use a sound bank with a few notes to create a full range of notes?

For the first set of samples, you can play these samples at (12th root of 2)x speed (1.05946x speed) to get the notes A#, C#, E, and G. You can play these samples (1/(12th root of 2))x speed (0....
Edward's user avatar
  • 8,542
3 votes

Choir dropping in pitch when a capella

The Pythagorean comma is an interesting explanation, but it can't account for just HOW flat a choir can go and HOW quickly! I am currently leading a small community choir through a series of Christmas ...
Laurence's user avatar
  • 93.3k
3 votes

Choir dropping in pitch when a capella

Karel van Steenhoven has an article A Practical Guide to Intonation and Tuning about how to avoid the intonation drop. The phenomenon has been used intentionally in some pieces but I don't remember ...
ttw's user avatar
  • 25.5k
3 votes

Choir dropping in pitch when a capella

As an (amateur) singer, one of the things I've found helps me avoid drifting (usually downwards) in pitch is to consciously listen to the other parts — especially the top part (which is often the ...
gidds's user avatar
  • 1,617
3 votes

Pitch or frequency?

I'd like to expand a bit the answers given by Нет войне and skinny peacock. The terms pitch and frequency describe different things. Frequency is a physics property of a periodic signal, Pitch ...
user1079505's user avatar
  • 16.8k
3 votes

Is there a mathematical formula or a list of frequencies (Hz) of notes?

I know nothing about guitar tuning and this answer may not apply to guitars, but it's worth noting that pianos are not tuned in frequency ratios of 21/12 even though they are nominally an equal-...
benrg's user avatar
  • 493
2 votes

Purpose of ascending and descending scales?

The quick and insufficient answer is, "Yeah sure, most scales are the same forwards and backwards. If you're looking at a page that lists, like, 'C major ascending, C major descending,' etc., ...
Andy Bonner's user avatar
  • 17.4k
2 votes

Why is there a debate over whether or not percussion instruments are pitched?

Many percussion instruments either produce many harmonically unrelated frequencies simultaneously (such as a snare drum) or produce frequencies that change significantly with time (e.g. a tom tom). ...
supercat's user avatar
  • 4,167
2 votes

Does rhythm create pitch?

Extremely fast rhythms can indeed create pitch. The electronic music sub-genre of extratone involves music at 1000 BPM or faster - that's over 16 Hz! - so fast that the kick drum rhythm alone starts ...
Dekkadeci's user avatar
  • 14.2k
2 votes

What do you call the mimicking of music and sounds through whistling?

It's called 'being able to whistle'. A posh name for someone who has this skill is 'siffleur'. Not to be confused with this gentleman: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Le_P%C3%A9tomane
Laurence's user avatar
  • 93.3k
2 votes

Is it possible to write a song “pitch first” or “key first”?

You can absolutely write pitch first. I've done it many times. Of course music without lyrics is often written from many different starting points that are not lyrics. Even songs are sometimes written ...
Todd Wilcox's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

Singing improvisation when the band plays low

I agree, this can be a nuisance. A jazz singer (hopefully) interprets the melody pretty straight for at least one chorus - let the audience know WHAT you're improvising on before going wild! You ...
Laurence's user avatar
  • 93.3k
1 vote

Is it possible to write a song “pitch first” or “key first”?

"For the past four years, I've been using what you call 'pitch first' when I write songs. It's like this: first, I come up with a chord progression or a melody, and then I create lyrics based on ...
Grand Master Steve's user avatar
1 vote

Is it possible to write a song “pitch first” or “key first”?

One could make a strong case that serial music lends itself to pitch-first composition. Starting from a tone row would be analogous to choosing a key, except that the order of pitches is predetermined....
Aaron's user avatar
  • 89.2k
1 vote

Choir dropping in pitch when a capella

My suggestion to the original poster - I have also been in an acapella at my school, based on a Tamil film number. I also had a similar experience to you. What we did was - we made use of the shruti ...
Harikrishnan M's user avatar

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