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29 votes

Why so many repeats in classical music?

Another aspect that hasn't been mentioned is that performers often would play things differently the second time around. We often think of improvisation as a more modern trend, but that isn't ...
Darrel Hoffman's user avatar
17 votes

Why so many repeats in classical music?

The repetition is part of the classical Sonata form, but it was standard long before the classical sonata became a recognized form. In particular, it was used in baroque times when the entire notion ...
Kilian Foth's user avatar
  • 7,763
10 votes

Unidentified symbol in music notation

Above the last measure in the piece there is a special type of repeat instruction: D.S.. This is an abbreviation of dal segno, which is Italian for from the sign, where the segno/sign is the symbol ...
Elements In Space's user avatar
8 votes
Accepted

How to write this melody with repeat signs?

Well, you could use voltas, brackets that mark certain measures as being played only on certain repeats. They're a useful tool worth knowing about. But in this case they would save you all of one ...
the-baby-is-you's user avatar
7 votes

Why so many repeats in classical music?

Some repeats are varied. Other times repeats are used to establish the key of opening. Even with repeats, there are some variations. A simple AABB piece is not as repetitive as it looks. There are 5 ...
ttw's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

How can I end a slur in multiple alternative endings in Lilypond?

In single note cases you might use \repeatTie: https://lilypond.org/doc/v2.24/Documentation/notation/writing-rhythms.html#ties In more complex cases (multiple notes slurred under the volta) you can ...
Lazy's user avatar
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5 votes

Song structure in classical music vs EDM

But it's more than that, there doesn't seem to be beat where you can dance along to. The entire baroque period is based on dance. It essentially owes its existence to two phenomena, one of which is ...
phoog's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

How would I number my measures for my solo?

As you note, the first “measure” isn’t a whole measure — this is called an anacrusis or a pickup, and it doesn’t count as the first measure. If you have to give it a number it will be 0. The next ...
Elements In Space's user avatar
5 votes

Should a second volta appear at the end or beginning of a line?

A repeat very often comes at the end of a section. If there's a one measure second ending that would imply that it ends a section, so it would be logical to place it at the end of the system, assuming ...
PiedPiper's user avatar
  • 21.4k
5 votes

Why so many repeats in classical music?

The superficial answer is that the sonata form arose as an extension of baroque forms that traditionally featured repeats, as others have mentioned. Baroque dances typically had two repeated sections ...
phoog's user avatar
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4 votes
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Where to stop in Da Capo al fine

Your interpretation is correct. The “fine” appears before the crochet so it is not played. If you interpret this literally, hold the final note for 3 beats and cut off on beat 4. If you want to take ...
John Belzaguy's user avatar
4 votes

Repeat sign without a match

It's sloppy notation. There is a convention that an End Repeat may reflect to the beginning of the piece without there having to be an explicit Start Repeat there. There is no such convention for ...
Laurence's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

In Lilypond: repeat dots at end of first section, start of second section, but not both when volta brackets present

Firstly, what you’re trying to achieve (the last image in your question) is a bit odd. The fourth measure looks like it has too many notes in it. And, placing the repeat dots after the 2nd ending is ...
Elements In Space's user avatar
3 votes

Better way to repeat with alternative at the beginning

The structure that you’ll want to use has both a Volta repeat loop (AB-AB) and a Dal Segno al Fine repeat loop (B-C-B), it will look something like this: Problem In LilyPond both of these repeat ...
Elements In Space's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Repeat sign without a match

There's an implied repeat sign at the end of the piece, so the entire second section is played twice. As in this recording by Dale Harris: This is similar to the ...
Aaron's user avatar
  • 90.1k
3 votes

Song structure in classical music vs EDM

In the way that you're asking, the primary difference is the scale of repetition. In classical music, entire sections of a piece might repeat, giving the piece its overall form. But small-scale ...
Aaron's user avatar
  • 90.1k
3 votes

How to write this melody with repeat signs?

In ABCjs, the code looks like X: 1 T: Question 135990 M: 4/4 L: 1/16 K: Fmaj D,2d2 |: ^cdcB ABAG ^FGAF A2D2 | D^CB,A, CB,A,G, DCB,A, |1 G,2d2 :|2 G,2=C2 | And the result looks like
Aaron's user avatar
  • 90.1k
2 votes

Why so many repeats in classical music?

If composers think that repetition is useful, why not add a section that has slight differences to make the music more interesting? This already happens in classical style, but on a smaller scale, on ...
Michael Curtis's user avatar
2 votes

Song structure in classical music vs EDM

A very common form for "classical" keyboard compositions is ternary menuet da capo, or sometimes called things like trio da capo form. The sectional form could be something like this... ...
Michael Curtis's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

Meaning of :/: with a 2 above

It's a 2-bar repeat. You'll see the 4-bar variety as well, occasionally 8-bar. There's a variation of the same idea sometimes used in drum parts. Write one bar of the groove, then 'play x' or 'play ...
Laurence's user avatar
  • 93.6k
2 votes
Accepted

Slurs and repeats in LilyPond

As long as you remain quite simple something like this could work for you: enslur = #(define-music-function (n base count music) ((number? 1) (ly:duration? (ly:make-duration 3)) (number? 6) ly:...
Lazy's user avatar
  • 21.1k
2 votes

Can (Dal) Segno and (Dal) Segno Segno appear on the same bar?

Are you stuck with using Guitar Pro as your notation program? What you showed us is impossible to sightread. It could be acceptable as a 'reference guide' to a song where the player has previously ...
Laurence's user avatar
  • 93.6k
2 votes
Accepted

Can (Dal) Segno and (Dal) Segno Segno appear on the same bar?

The double D.S. is confusing. The first thing the player sees at M.15 is "D.S.S. al coda". They take that and go to the coda, so they never reach the second D.S. See my answer to your ...
PiedPiper's user avatar
  • 21.4k
2 votes

Should a second volta appear at the end or beginning of a line?

Adding a personal observation to PiedPiper's answer that there doesn't seem to be a standardized best practice, from piano scores that I have seen, it seems the engraver would prioritizes ease of ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
2 votes

How can I write a repetition with voltas in lyrics in plain text?

I'm afraid that what you want to achieve is not a common practice. Sometimes I see repeated parts of the text replaced by ellipsis (...), or some instructions like "the last chorus ends with...&...
user1079505's user avatar
2 votes

How can I write a repetition with voltas in lyrics in plain text?

If there's a refrain which will be sung several times identically, and once differently, it may be helpful to list everything up to the start of the secon refrain in order, but with the refrain ...
supercat's user avatar
  • 4,187
1 vote
Accepted

Annotate 'repeat final lyric of final chorus'

There is a coda and there is also a coda sign. They can be related but are different. A coda is an ending section or passage of a piece of music. A coda sign is a marker that is used to navigate ...
John Belzaguy's user avatar
1 vote

Annotate 'repeat final lyric of final chorus'

Coda is the maximum of what you may need. Depending on the song, you might do with writing it as the final volta, or just at the end after the last verse, or even put the last phrase in a repetition ...
Divizna's user avatar
  • 2,574
1 vote

Unidentified symbol in music notation

There's a 'D.S.'at the bottom of the page. Dal Segno. From the sign. It instructs us to jump back to the 'sign', and that's the symbol we're talking about. After singing to the end, we jump ...
Laurence's user avatar
  • 93.6k
1 vote
Accepted

How to notate two nested repeat loops (||: and :||) that finish on the same repeat finish sign :||?

It's easy to write this in a way that a human player can read (and at least some notation programs, for example Finale). The repeat in measure 15 is ambiguous. Leave it out and write "2x D.S. (...
PiedPiper's user avatar
  • 21.4k

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