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What is it called to play a music with flowing tempo in piano?

Rubato. This specifically means compensating for each slow-down with a speed-up. If there was a click track, you'd come out on the right beat at the end! 'Rubato' doesn't instruct you to play the ...
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29 votes

Is it true that cut time means "play twice as fast as written"?

It would be more accurate to say that cut time "will sound twice as fast as the same notes played in 4/4 at the same tempo". That's essentially what they're trying to get across. But even that ...
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24 votes
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What is "Tempo 1"?

Tempo 1 or Tempo I instructs a performer to return to the first tempo of a movement or piece of music, where there has been a different tempo marking since the first marking. The marking Tempo Primo ...
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22 votes

What is "Tempo 1"?

Tempo primo, or Tempo 1ᵒ means “at the same tempo as the piece started”.
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22 votes

Do I have to be a virtuoso pianist to compose faster music?

The simple answer is no. Think of it this way: Does a composer write pieces only for instruments he can play? No, he does not. He might compose pieces for instruments that he has never touched in his ...
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22 votes
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Is it good practice to speed up and slow down where not written in a song?

I think it depends very much on the genre, style, and period of the music. For some styles, heavy use of rubato is normal and suits the way the music is written, while for others it would spoil the ...
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22 votes
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What is the meaning of "M. M." in this tempo mark?

It stands for... M.M. Metronome Marking. Formerly "Mälzel Metronome." Named after the Inventor Johann Mälzel who is the person who first manufactured a metronome for widespread use (...
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21 votes

What does a straight horizontal line above a few notes, after a changed tempo mean?

This line refers to the I, not to the "Allegro". As OP mentioned in the comments, the I stands for the first position, i. e. the first fret on the guitar. So the line means, that all notes under it ...
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20 votes
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Why would a teacher ban the metronome altogether?

It sounds to me like you are using the metronome in an effective manner. Your teacher might have been concerned that you, as a young student, would have seen playing in perfect time as an artistic ...
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20 votes

Is it true that cut time means "play twice as fast as written"?

That sentence "Played twice as fast as written" indicates that someone must have a misunderstanding. Someone who probably thinks that quarter notes are supposed to be played at a certain speed. That ...
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19 votes

How can I find the length in seconds of a quarter-note (crotchet) if I have a tempo marking?

To find the length in seconds of each beat for any given metronome marking in beats-per-minute (bpm), you would divide 60 (the number of seconds in a minute) by the bpm marking. For instance, if a ...
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19 votes

Do musicians count the meter all the time?

Counting is an absolutely necessary step when learning a new piece.It is the rhythmic framework of any piece. Without it, you may well be playing a different tune. 'All the right notes, but not in the ...
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19 votes
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Is it acceptable to change tempo in the middle of a song or is this a bad idea?

Is changing tempo during the song and back again a common device used on modern popular music? Or is there a good reason to avoid this type thing? No, it is not a device commonly used in popular ...
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18 votes
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How to convert a dotted quarter note tempo to BPM?

No, it is not 150 bpm. A tempo indication is an indication of beats per minutes. A tempo of 100 means 100 beat in a minute. It's how a metronome plays beats. Your watch moves the second at a bpm of ...
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18 votes

Why are measures (aka "bars") important?

Please count 1-2-3-4,1-2-3-4, then at the same tempo (speed/ bpm) count 1-2-3-1-2-3. If you can't feel or tell the difference, then, you're right, there's no need for bars. If you can, then how will ...
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17 votes
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How to keep the tempo still stable?

The important thing is to feel the pulse of the tempo in your head as you play. Tap your foot if it helps you. When listening to music, tap your foot, clap or drum on your legs, to reinforce that ...
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17 votes

Is it good practice to speed up and slow down where not written in a song?

It's not bad per se, but it's dangerous. Making this a habit will impair your ability to play with others. As an expressive device, varying the tempo can be distracting. (That's why it's notated ...
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16 votes
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Decrease bpm and practice

YES! Of course. That's the best thing to do. Every time you can't play a song at its normal bpm / speed (tempo), decrease the speed to a point where you feel comfortable with, and practice it there. ...
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16 votes

Is there any way for my to become a better judge of my playing? Especially while I'm playing

This is a terrific, and very important, question! Have you ever heard a recording of yourself speaking? Did it come across as odd to you? Did you ever think "that's not how I sound!"? The same is ...
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16 votes
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How to indicate a tempo change during a repetition?

Just use text. I would put this information with the D.C. (or D.S.) marking and with the original tempo marking. But I would put it inside a bracket. So for instance, at the beginning: "Allegro (...
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16 votes

What's the difference between "con brio" and "con fuoco"?

There’s not much (if any) difference in the tempo they imply, but there’s a difference in character. Literally, con brio means with spirit, while con fuoco means with fire. Regarding tempo, both are ...
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16 votes
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Playing ONE triplet (not three)

Of course, playing only one of them with no other context wouldn't sound like triplets, no matter what the note lengths were. As already mentioned, playing the 1st & 3rd triplet gives you a swing ...
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15 votes
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What is it called when a music has two concurrent tempos

The answer here is deceptively simple: Polytempo. There are other names, such as multi-tempo, polytemporal, and others, but they all describe the same phenomena. Here is a link for further reading ...
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14 votes

Is it good practice to speed up and slow down where not written in a song?

Depends. Some people use 'expressive rubato' as an excuse for bad time-keeping. In particular an excuse for playing the tricky bits slower than the easy bits! Flexible time is probably a bad idea ...
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12 votes
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What do dots on the tempo's equal sign mean?

This means "approximately equal to". I found this with a quick Google search. Here is an example of a webpage confirming the meaning of this symbol. I must confess, I prefer to use "c.", the ...
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12 votes

Why are measures (aka "bars") important?

One bar tends to be the smallest time after which there is some repetition in multiple voices. This is quite a bit of an oversimplification, but it is often observable, in approximate form, in many ...
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12 votes

Is it good practice to speed up and slow down where not written in a song?

As Lawrence said, you are describing "Rubato". My professor in college recommended playing the piece first at a more "rigid" tempo and then using your own discretion. You want rubato to feel tasteful ...
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11 votes
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Tempo, time signature and note lengths

Each of these can be thought of as a conversion factor. Typically, you're converting everything to or from beats (which are the basic unit of time in music). If you recall "dimensional analysis" from ...
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