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18 votes

Why don't guitar chords and staff notations match each other?

Good question! They do! The situation you're running into is that your chord diagram doesn't match the G7 you've provided on your music staff. On the staff you provided, the notes are all separated by ...
MLunzy's user avatar
  • 211
18 votes
Accepted

What is the definition of 909/808/707/etc. percussion?

The Roland TR-808, TR-606 and TR-909 are analog synthesizers with many adjustable settings, capable of creating a range of different sounds with different attack/decay envelopes and pitch. The TR-909'...
piiperi Reinstate Monica's user avatar
15 votes

Why don't guitar chords and staff notations match each other?

“Root position” means that the lowest pitch is the root of the chord, but it says nothing about the other notes. The staff-notation chord is shown in “close position” – the most compact arrangement of ...
Aaron's user avatar
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15 votes
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Why is "Für Elise" written in 3/8 when there are a few bars in 2/16?

The first measure that you highlighted in red is called a pickup measure (or anacrusis) and the bracket enclosing the second measure is called a volta bracket. The combined length of the pickup ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
15 votes

Are bells the only instrument whose second harmonic forms a minor interval with its fundamental?

In short the question boils down to: are there any other instruments able to produce a spectrum which does not follow the harmonic series, neglecting inharmonicity. Well, any instrument whose ...
Tom's user avatar
  • 5,107
13 votes

What is the difference between "Asynchronous" and "Syncopated" meters?

This seems to be a multiple-choice question. Some of the choices include made-up terms. 'Mega Duple' is meaningless. 'Asynchronous' and 'Syncopated' are plausible as musical terms, but are not ...
Laurence's user avatar
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11 votes

Why is "Für Elise" written in 3/8 when there are a few bars in 2/16?

You are correct that they complement each other. The first notes are called "pickup" notes or, more formally, they are an anacrusis: "one or more unstressed notes before the first bar ...
Aaron's user avatar
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11 votes
Accepted

Why do we call Bb tubas BBb?

The predecessor to Helmholtz notation used doubled upper-case letters to refer to the lower octave. (Before that, medieval notation used doubled lower-case letters to refer to upper octaves.) the ...
phoog's user avatar
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11 votes

What is the definition of 909/808/707/etc. percussion?

Although piiperi's answer is accurate, I want to note specifically that the term "808 kick" has expanded to describe any electronic kick drum sound with a long tuned decay, which can serve ...
Edward's user avatar
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11 votes
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Are bells the only instrument whose second harmonic forms a minor interval with its fundamental?

There are "minor third bells" (e.g., church bells) and "major third bells", thus instruments can be tuned to have these different properties. The correct terminology in the context ...
Geremia's user avatar
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10 votes
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Any idea what "[Instrument] colle Parti" means?

"Tromboni colle parti" means, as you have found, "trombones with the parts." In particular, it means that the three trombones (one each alto, tenor, and bass) should play the same ...
phoog's user avatar
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10 votes

Quantification of listed tempos

None of these are strictly defined. They describe musical feelings more so than specific BPM. They are combinations of tempo ranges, rhythmic patterns, stress patterns, dynamic levels, timbres, and ...
Aaron's user avatar
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9 votes
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In terms of range, what does "eingestrichen" refer to?

This is Helmholtz pitch notation, which uses primes and sub-primes in addition to upper and lowercase note names for octave indication. For example: c' is eingestrichen (i.e. has a single quote/prime, ...
guidot's user avatar
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8 votes

Why don't guitar chords and staff notations match each other?

Very simple answer is - they don't have to. Root position tells one fact only - the lowest note - of any chord in root position, is the root. That's how inversions work as well, 1st inversion has ^3 ...
Tim's user avatar
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8 votes

Why is it called Camelot wheel? Why Camelot?

The round table of Camelot is often illustrated as divided into segments: (Source: Wikimedia Commons) As such, it does look superficially like the circle of fifths.
Simon B's user avatar
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7 votes

What does "S.D." mean, and why does it have only one staff line?

S.D. is side, or snare drum. Not particularly as part of a drum kit, but used as a separate percussion instrument. The clef shows that it's percussion - no F- or G-clef. Because snare is an untuned ...
Tim's user avatar
  • 194k
7 votes

In terms of range, what does "eingestrichen" refer to?

It means "C with a stroke," referring to the octave of the C in the system that prevailed from sometime in the early modern period (I guess) until Helmholtz. In the 1000s, the gamut was ...
phoog's user avatar
  • 23k
7 votes

Term for a harmony that's always above the melody, but just enough to be in chord?

Singing '3rd above' or (maybe more likely) '3rd below' is a loose description, but a useful one! Sometimes the 3rd will need to be a 4th (or even a 2nd) to fit with the harmony. Or the 3rd might ...
Laurence's user avatar
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7 votes

Quantification of listed tempos

There will be no definitive bpm for any of these. They're simply modern versions of 'allegro', 'andante' from classical times. Those were (and still are) vague on purpose - look at any old metronome ...
Tim's user avatar
  • 194k
6 votes

What is a "stunt guitarist"?

Per Frank Zappa himself: The stunt guitarist's role is twofold: 1) to enable me to write guitar parts that I could never play myself, and 2) to reproduce guitar parts I've done on old records, ...
Gus Gramling's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

What does the phrase “a bar for nothing” mean?

It means that a full bar will be counted before starting to play. The "for nothing" means the musicians don't have to play during that bar; thus, it's a bar "given for free." The ...
Aaron's user avatar
  • 89.8k
6 votes

When was the term "scale degree" coined? Or where did it originate?

Scale and degree ultimately come from Latin words meaning "ladder" and "step," respectively, so the concept of "scale degree" is several centuries old, predating even the ...
phoog's user avatar
  • 23k
6 votes

Nomenclature for pipe organ keyboard compass

This is something you'd find on older organs (i.e. mainly baroque and older) called a "short octave". However, instead of leaving out the black keys, they left out the lowest keys altogether ...
user96407's user avatar
6 votes

Term for a harmony that's always above the melody, but just enough to be in chord?

As far as I'm concerned, "singing a third above the melody" is close enough shorthand for what she's actually doing in most contexts. In a formal theoretical analysis, more precision would ...
phoog's user avatar
  • 23k
6 votes

Is there a term for having a sequence of notes that then change key while modulating?

It's called a "melodic sequence" when a segment of melody is repeated at consistent intervals — in this case whole steps. For more, see How to Identify & Complete Sequences.
Aaron's user avatar
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6 votes

What does "prevailing harmony" mean?

The author does not say that B is a chord tone. He says that B is "consonant with the bass", meaning the E, as the interval of a fifth (E-B) is considered consonant. By "prevailing ...
Aaron's user avatar
  • 89.8k
5 votes

What's it called when the Melody and Harmony are half a measure out-of-sync?

I think what's going on here is a pet peeve of mine as a listener. Once the kick comes in, it's very clear where the beats are. In the preceding measures, the melodic material is just the same, but it'...
Andy Bonner's user avatar
  • 17.6k
5 votes

What's wrong with pinky use in classical guitar playing/

Common plucking fingering marks are derived from Spanish finger names: p, i, m, a, c/x/e/q for pulgar, índice, medio, anular and chico or meñique. As you see there are multiple symbols uncommonly used ...
Lazy's user avatar
  • 20.9k
5 votes

Any idea what "[Instrument] colle Parti" means?

'Colla parte' is an instruction to double another instrument or voice, and the plural 'colle parti' an instruction for several instruments. The other answer covers the use of the phrase in the example ...
PiedPiper's user avatar
  • 21.4k
5 votes

What is the word for the feeling when the piano key catches at the bottom of a press. The word for when the jack slips

The term you're looking for is let-off. This is the highest point at which the jack still supports the hammer. There is also the drop, which is the point at which the repetition level (through which ...
Aaron's user avatar
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