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What are the terms figure, segment and cell?

The terms do tend to be used interchangeably, but a few distinctions that turn up with some frequency: Figure: often related to the a group of notes with a particular technical or structural aspect. ...
Aaron's user avatar
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3 votes

What does "prevailing harmony" mean?

We are starting from the premise that the whole thing is "an expansion of a C-major chord over two beats". That's another way of saying 'the prevailing harmony is C major'. It would be ...
Laurence's user avatar
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2 votes

What does "prevailing harmony" mean?

The A and the B could both be considered consonant, as they are p4 and P5 against the bass note, E. However, the B could also be considered dissonant, as it is the leading note in key C, also the ...
Tim's user avatar
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6 votes

What does "prevailing harmony" mean?

The author does not say that B is a chord tone. He says that B is "consonant with the bass", meaning the E, as the interval of a fifth (E-B) is considered consonant. By "prevailing ...
Aaron's user avatar
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4 votes

scale degree notation question

Broadly speaking there are two different systems: one gives a key signature before symbols the other gives no key signature and assumes a generic major tonality You can apply those to Roman numeral ...
Michael Curtis's user avatar
2 votes

What is the difference between a Musical Mashup and a DJ Mix?

Since these terms are used in multiple contexts, we can find multiple uses for them, just as "DJ" can describe some pretty different activities, from radio disc-jockeying to Grandmaster ...
Andy Bonner's user avatar
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7 votes

Quantification of listed tempos

There will be no definitive bpm for any of these. They're simply modern versions of 'allegro', 'andante' from classical times. Those were (and still are) vague on purpose - look at any old metronome ...
Tim's user avatar
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10 votes

Quantification of listed tempos

None of these are strictly defined. They describe musical feelings more so than specific BPM. They are combinations of tempo ranges, rhythmic patterns, stress patterns, dynamic levels, timbres, and ...
Aaron's user avatar
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2 votes

What's this vertical dash called and what does it mean?

I'd like to expand on Aaron's answer that the symbol is a breath mark. Taking the clue that the page is from "Lutheran church music for the organ", the following is a tip for the organist to ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
4 votes

What does Pedale ad lib mean?

Often, the writer will want specific pedalling to be applied to whatever is written. That will be marked on the music with 'Ped' in fancy letters, with a mark where the pedal is let go. We're ...
Tim's user avatar
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4 votes

What does Pedale ad lib mean?

"ad lib." means that it's up to your choice how to apply the pedal — the damper pedal (the one on the right) unless otherwise specified.
Aaron's user avatar
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1 vote

What is it called when the root is omitted from a chord?

You can write 'G7(omit root)' or 'G7(no root)' if you like. Yes, 'Bdim' would convey the same information. I suppose, for purposes of harmonic analysis, it might be useful to write 'G7(b9)(no root)' ...
Laurence's user avatar
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