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1

This is my guess, as an amateur musician who knows some theory: There are plenty of exceptions, but for modern pop & rock I think it is often a combination of: The tonic note often being inferable by its prevalence or the phrasing of the melody The way the chords and melody fit together into something we recognize as a scale Tonic's Prevalence Not all ...


2

Although we can't know for certain, music almost certainly originates with singing or rather chanting. You can hear what happens by listening to certain Buddhist chants. Someone begins and their voice settles to a steady note. Other people join in and many will use the same note. Others' voices will be too low or too high. It would be a strain to reach the ...


4

The answer to this depends on time and place. Western music is different from Indian or east Asian music. Western music from the common practice period and later is different from older music, which made more use of the church modes rather than the major-minor system. If we're talking about modern western music, then the most common situation is that the ...


4

In most cases the tonic is established in the first bar by the triad 135, the chain 123, 3321, or an upbeat: 5 8, 358, whereby 1 and 8 are the root tones of the tonic and are stressed notes in the melody. Melodies beginning with 135 contain the tones of the tonic triad, but there are other tunes turning around the fifth tone, which is also an note of the ...


7

The tonic (or the tonic interval or tonic axis, in some modern music styles) is alike a star, which all other sounds gravitate towards. These relationships are in part acoustic and part psychoacoustic. Generally, the tonic will be overemphasized over a section or maybe an entire piece, all formal points of stability will be based upon its presence, and you ...


6

Several tendencies combine to produce the feeling of a tonic. First, the tonic is often the first note of a piece. In the accompanying harmony, notes supporting the tonic occur at phrase endings and the end of the whole piece. The tonic is often the most common the note of a piece but this isn't necessary; sometimes other notes are emphasized, the fifth or ...


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