22 votes
Accepted

What is the correct name for this instrument?

This is apparently called a contrabass valve trombone, or sometimes a cimbasso if I am correct.
  • 4,342
21 votes
Accepted

How do harmonic tones get "out of tune" on a brass instrument?

While the total length of a brass instrument is basically fixed, the ratio of conical to cylindrical piping is not set in stone for a trombone. It is true that the 6th partial is generally quite sharp,...
  • 1,369
20 votes
Accepted

What does "Open Vamp" mean?

A vamp is a repeating musical figure, like a guitar riff. In jazz, Latin jazz, and musical theater it’s often given for the accompaniment so that they can repeat as necessary during intros or solos, ...
  • 6,577
19 votes
Accepted

"Only open voicing below middle C!" Really?

There are acoustical reasons for not wanting close voicing in the lower register; in short, the upper harmonics muddy each other up and fog up the sound. But in my experience, C4 is a really high ...
  • 80.3k
19 votes

What is the correct name for this instrument?

This is a cimbasso (a valve contrabass trombone). The instrument is mainly used in Verdi's operas (and one opera each by Bellini and Puccini). The modern instrument has six rotary valves and is ...
  • 15.7k
16 votes
Accepted

N.V. Meaning in Jazz

The "N.V" just means No Vibrato.
  • 81.3k
13 votes
Accepted

I don't recognize the symbol on top of this note. What is it, and how does it affect the note?

That is a bend or a dip. You make a clear attack on the note and then do a very slight glissando around a quarter or half step down and then return to the original pitch.
  • 1,369
11 votes
Accepted

Why do some trombone players put their index finger over the mouthpiece while playing?

This is only for comfort. The part where you hold the trombone is not very ergonomical so we search for as comfortable position as possible, with control of the instrument. Try various hand positions ...
  • 1,864
11 votes
Accepted

How to indicate flutter technique in a score?

The notation shown in the video — the standard tremolo notation — is the correct way to indicate a flutter. In can (should) be supplemented with "f.t" (flutter tongue) for clarity. As long ...
  • 62.8k
9 votes

"Only open voicing below middle C!" Really?

Closed vocings aren't bad, but you need to be aware of the register you are in no matter what you compose. In lower registers, having notes close together isn't always what you want. Specifically ...
  • 46.5k
9 votes

I don't recognize the symbol on top of this note. What is it, and how does it affect the note?

It's a bend: an articulation mark representing a brief flattening of the note.The note is attacked in tune but is immediately flattened - by up to a semitone - before coming up to pitch again.
9 votes

How do harmonic tones get "out of tune" on a brass instrument?

This is a massive topic that I'm not really qualified to talk about, but "length of tubing" is a highly idealized model. In actuality, every bend in the tube and every change in bore diameter will ...
  • 21.6k
8 votes
Accepted

Muting my trombone

For trombone you'll typically see a number of mute markings, but the style of music changes what you'll frequently need. In traditional, classical music and other chamber style music you may see the ...
  • 1,369
8 votes

Can a baritone be used for a trombone part?

There will be differences in the tone quality, because the baritone/euphonium is a conical bore instrument whereas the trombone is a cylindrical bore. (Generally speaking, this means that the trombone ...
  • 80.3k
8 votes

Counting long rests in music

Listening for cue parts in specifically the Bolero is difficult, because of many repetitions and subtle changes, so I fully understand your difficulty, and I too get lost most of the times I listen to ...
  • 211
8 votes
Accepted

Why is the superbone not used more often?

Let me offer some alternate perspective besides the tuning issue referred to in the other answer. They're awkward to hold. The situation when operating the valves with your left hand is worse than a ...
  • 196
8 votes
Accepted

Trombone - meaning of "do not clip notes"

To "clip" in this context means to "cut short". With brass instruments, this can especially mean not to use the tongue to suddenly cut off the air flow. Rather, the air flow should ...
  • 62.8k
7 votes
Accepted

Is it possible to play 2 wind instruments well?

Absolutely. JB Arban once said that people have the wrong idea about embouchure - that it's a fixed thing like a statue. He said that embouchure is fluid - you need to do what's right and what sounds ...
  • 25.2k
7 votes

What does "Open Vamp" mean?

A vamp is a pattern, usually a simple pattern like one or two chords, that you keep repeating for the purpose of getting into a groove or letting one of the musicians take a solo.
7 votes
Accepted

Bach Stradivarius LT42 restoration

A trombone is the sum of its components. And the words of the economist, Thomas Sowell, "There are no solutions, only compromises..." applies to the trombone world as well. Part of why you might ...
  • 1,369
7 votes
Accepted

Are there different type of lacquer problems?

Aha! Pictures definitely help. So let's talk about this one component at a time Slide Your slide is all nickel slide. (Bach slides that are lightweight (LT42) are also made of a nickel-brass alloy, ...
  • 1,369
7 votes

What’s a Soli and do I have to play it

'Solo' is a featured passage for one player. 'Soli' is a featured passage for more than one player or instrument. It may mean the whole trombone section play it. Like 'Heads up, guys! You've got ...
  • 81.3k
7 votes

How do harmonic tones get "out of tune" on a brass instrument?

A lot of our 'knowledge' of overtones comes from textbooks describing the behaviour of a perfect, massless string or of an air column in a perfect cylindrical tube. Real instruments are more ...
  • 81.3k
6 votes
Accepted

Strengthen mouth muscles without mouthpiece

You really need to get more specific than "mouth muscles". The formation of your mouth and lips that is used to create a tone on the mouthpiece is called your embouchure (colloquially referred to as "...
  • 34.7k
6 votes

Role of muscle memory vs. ear-based micro-adjustments in non-fixed-note instruments

Like the comments said, it's a combination of both. As a trombone player, we have the muscle memory to hit notes at what should be in tune, but what is in tune may also vary. You tune the notes based ...
  • 524
6 votes
Accepted

Bass trumpet vs. valve trombone

There are a number of instruments in the pitch class of a trombone and each of them have interesting and unique features. The Valve trombone bears the most resemblance to a slide trombone because in ...
  • 1,369
6 votes
Accepted

Is it a bad idea to learn tuba and trombone at the same time?

In my experience, there is some truth to it. The tuba and trombone have two very different sounds, and a tuba player trying to sound like a trombone, however inadvertently, only leads to frustration ...
  • 80.3k
6 votes

What’s a Soli and do I have to play it

'Soli' generally refers to an exposed, soloistic part but played by several players or a whole section. Without seeing the score it's impossible to generalize, but it's possible that it's intended ...
  • 15.7k

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible