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23

A standard string section of an orchestra will have: 1st Violins 2nd Violins Violas Cellos Basses One very typical way to think of this is by way of comparison to a four-part SATB choir (sopranos, altos, tenors, and basses). In this scheme, the first violins will have the melody line, like the soprano part of a choir. The cellos will have the bass line (...


17

There is a shortcut, yes. The secret is to practice smart. I used to tell my students there is a difference between practicing and playing; between cleaning up all the difficulties and going into the small details, and playing just for fun or for others. The more time you spend in cleaning grey zones, being careful with sound quality, with fast exercises (...


12

The main differences I have noticed: Finger spacing/placement while shifting, especially during quick runs and large shifts, can take some adjusting to. Playing double stops greater than an eighth can be pretty hard on a viola, and playing full chords with all fingers where either the index or pinky isn't in first while the rest are is dang near impossible ...


11

You can use ordinario or normale: ordinario or normale: to bow in the ordinary or normal fashion, canceling a previous instruction to play s.p. or s.t. abbreviations: ord. ; norm.; N. - source


11

How much should lessons cost? The cost depends on the teacher (if they are famous / in high demand / highly educated) as well as where you live. Lessons in the city cost more. Lessons can range anywhere from $20-150/hr on average. Personally, I'd recommend you look in the $30-50/hr price point. Is it alright that I have zero musical knowledge, instrumental ...


10

It's usually better to practise regularly (say 5 days a week?) and only as long as you can retain your concentration and focus. That's obviously a very individual thing. Shorter, regular sessions are better than intermittent long ones. You have to work out your own balance. Try to get into a routine - eg. start with scales and arpeggios, then exercises ...


6

Yes, it is absolutely possible to restring a smaller size Viola into a Violin. You will not damage the instrument by doing so. Fractional size violins can roughly correspond with smaller size violas, although technically some will be slightly different in length. 4|4 Violin = 14 inch Viola 3|4 Violin = 13 inch Viola (Violin body often 13 ΒΌ inch) 1|2 ...


6

I would like to point out 2 very inspiring people to me. First is Adrian Anantawan: Second is Casey Driessen: The first case is the one of a least said fantastic violinist that does not have one hand. The second case is a of a bluegrass legend (despite still being quite young) that holds ...


5

The slash symbol through the stem of a note is called a "tremolo" notation, and signals that the same pitch or chord is to be repeated at a certain rate. In your example, it is a shorthand for eighth notes. The half note signifies the length of time the notes will fill (in this case two beats). The stem plus the dots shows the division. Here is a good ...


5

The key signature should always fit nicely inside the staff for any key and any clef and are defined and standardized so it all looks the same no matter what piece you play. Putting the F# on the bottom line will put the C# on a ledger line or it will break the common pattern. This site shows what the standard key signatures for many diffrent keys on bass, ...


5

What is the maximum amount of notes that can be played at once? Two, in most cases. Three can be done if you loosen the bow hair significantly, but I wouldn't recommend writing it. How do I avoid two notes that would have to be played on the same string (which is impossible)? The only notes that can only be played on one string are the lowest ones on ...


5

I've both played and written a lot of advanced solo string music, and, while it varies from composer to composer (and editor to editor), bow markings are not at all uncommon. I just grabbed two scores off my music stand—Britten's Three Suites for Cello and Hindemith's Sonate for solo cello—and the former is covered with markings while the latter ...


4

I agree with everything Mattaputnam has said. However, the best thing you can do to learn how to write a string quartet is to read some string quartet scores. There are tons of them out the there; the Beethoven string quartets are some of my favorites. There are many techniques that are technically possible but very awkward to do. You will get better ...


4

'loco' is also used in these situations.


4

If you've got 11 years of guitar and theory, with time and devotion you can most certainly become a proficient violinist. I've got 6 years of music experience, and I picked up the cello a few months ago, and it's going well. The hardest thing about bowed string instruments is the bowing! If you buy your violin at a good respectable violin shop they will ...


4

As Reina pointed out, the slash is a kind of an abbreviated beam, indicating, that the note has to be played as repeated eigth notes (two slashes/beams would indicate 16th etc.). The dots are most likely the staccato dots for the resulting four eights, so nothing changes in comparison to the previous bars.


4

Yes, this looks like an error in transcription. I have seen pieces that get transcribed for Viola by merely changing the clef without taking into account the instrument. For student pieces, the Viola version is often changed to a different key, usually a 5th so that the fingering matches what the violin uses. So, transcribing up an octave can work, but ...


4

There are standard sizes for Violas, mostly in the modern, mass-manufactured market. In the U.S. they are sized in inches, and have half-inch sizes available, starting at around 11 inches and going up to 17 inches. The size choice is based on the player's arm length, and you generally go for the largest size that is comfortable to play. You will see more ...


4

The rib height on a 14" Viola is bigger. Here is a short YouTube video on the matter:


4

Ball end vs loop Traditionally these instruments have a fine tuner on the highest string (E for violin, A for viola) which may take a loop end string. The lower 3 strings always take ball end strings. Modern violins for beginners and intermediate players will have a modern fine tuner fitted for all 4 strings which normally take ball end strings. Nevertheless ...


3

Let's take some perspective, and suppose your violin is not new. As the saying goes, your mileage may vary and you might have been lucky in the past, but do not count too much on it. Stretched hair on your bow render it less usable and less springy. It can also induce some warping of the stick. If the hair is too long (usually because it has been left ...


3

From practical experience, the bow would be loosened each time after playing, but the strings would remain in tune. So for long term storage, the bow would naturally be left loose.The strings on my violin - a French made from late 19th Century, left under the stairs in a centally heated house for approx. 10 yrs (yes, I thought I'd lost it in a move!), were ...


3

Honestly, I don't think it makes much of a difference by itself. On cello, the standard way to mellow down the sound is to angle the bow towards yourself – but that has the opposite effect as on violin / viola, namely that only the hairs farthest away from the bridge touch the string. The important points seem to be Few hairs on the string, no matter ...


3

I have two options that both work pretty well, the first being zip ties and the second being electrical wire. Zip ties are probably the easiest since they're cheap and easy to tighten, but the downside is they're impossible to move and impossible to remove without destroying them, so you would need plenty of extras. Luckily they're cheap. With electrical ...


3

But how is it with the intonation? My violin teacher is primarily a viola player. He started off playing the violin and switched after a year or two to viola. He brings his violin along to lessons and occasionally plays. In the interests of maintaining a good relationship I keep my mouth shut and instead tell myself "Not bad intonation for a viola ...


3

Once you learn how to play violin, viola will come easily, assuming that you can stretch your fingers a little bit more. The techniques to play violin and viola are nearly identical (although slightly more advanced techniques such as vibrato are marginally different).You should learn to listen to your intonation and adjust accordingly– preferably ...


2

There is a difference between a single slash and the several slashes for a tremolo. A half note with a slash through it in this case with the four dots underneath, is a shorthand meaning that you play four notes for each one written. So if you have half notes written and four dots then you play eighth notes.


2

Practice a relaxed while controlled thumb stance throughout the day. Your right arm is a makeshift violin neck when you are idling. Play and shift positions on it habitually. Eat with your left hand using chopsticks for a month (the chopsticks may be even more relevant for the bowing hand but the problems from badly controlled bowing technique are more ...


2

Outside of unisono passages where everybody plays the same (apart from the octave choice and possibly some fifth thrown in for tecture), violins and violas are almost never playing the same: it would be wasting the distinctive texture difference between those two instruments. For fast passages, violas do not really provide the same kind of response and/or ...


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