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Kit Kitson has some books (rather old) that do discuss some ideas historically. Thomas Christensen's The Cambridge History of Western Music Theory also discusses some ideas in context.


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The book that immediately comes to my mind is "Counterpoint: The Polyphonic Vocal Style of the Sixteenth Century" by Knud Jeppesen (1892–1974). However it is not a 100% match to your requirements, it still covers many of the topics, you are interested in. Although I am quite sure it does not contain any comparisons to non-"Western" music, it has a very ...


1

From what I've read / heard, I believe Japan uses Chinese tuning, which if I recall correctly is essentially Pythagorean tuning, which would be reasonably approximated by 12tet. There is a heavy reliance on heptatonic and pentatonic scales obviously, which probably suggests a 12-tet or meantone kind of system. Britannica Encyclopedia Page on Japanese Music ...


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