What does '+' mean in an orchestral score? This was an examination question in a music theory exam and I have been unable to find out the meaning

  • 4
    In what context? Jun 16, 2018 at 12:47
  • Context! Please.
    – user50691
    Jun 16, 2018 at 13:47

1 Answer 1


Above a note it could mean 'stopped' for a French Horn. 'Closed' or 'damped' for a hi-hat or crush cymbal. For a stringed instrument it means a left hand pizzicato. In a chord symbol it means the basic triad has an augmented 5th, as in 'C7+'.

Did the theory paper give no further context?

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