I am unsure of anything that systematically analyzes orchestration. I've worked with the Adler, the Berlioz, and the Rimsky-Korsakov. This is quite a broad question because indeed orchestration is extremely subjective. You can find more systematic approaches in spectralism, for example. It is interesting because often orchestration is judged objectively. I.e., "Mussorgsky made many orchestrational errors."
However, when I was in conservatory I my orchestration teach did systematically define orchestration practice. The key is to do it historically. This will be more work, but it was incredibly fruitful for me. Start with Hadyn and Mozart. There are more than just "tendencies" but actually rules for doubling and the organization of instruments you can find in the scores. Start by looking at what instruments typically double each other and when, how the winds and the strings are treated differently, and how tutti sections operate. Then move on to Beethoven and question what is truly different. It become very obvious how the ideas evolved. Finding the system in orchestration can only be done historically with a strong knowledge of how these timbral ideas changed over time. A young composer might feel free to orchestrate a piece in anyway they fancy now, but in 1740 this was most definitely not the case.
Sorry I don't have a specific book to read, but scores are always the best resource for learning. IMSLP is our friend.