I have piano sheet music (~100 measures). At two bars, there's a letter in parentheses added - (a) and (e). Due to the context, I don't think it's chord symbols.

My first guess was, it's additional notes that should/could(?) be played here (similar to the first example in this question). I wouldn't know, whether to play the note in addition or in exchange to one of the other notes, though.

On the other hand, I would have expected the notehead in parentheses, not its name. Hence, I wonder if these letters denote something else. Does anyone know?


Background info: This is from a piano arrangement of "I'd do anything for love" (M/T Jim Steinmann). It seems, the score is from the magazine "Keyboards", probably the issue 1/1994. The score itself is not available via the linked online archive. The arranger Wolfgang Wierzyk has published several score collections and own compositions - but I couldn't find this song so far.

  • 5
    Typically, these would be footnote references. What is the piece, and what edition (i.e., where did the sheets come from)?
    – Aaron
    Commented May 29, 2021 at 23:59
  • @Aaron I see. It's a pop-song arrangement that was given to me as a copy for rehearsal. (probably a copy of a copy). If it's really footnotes, the explanation is given at another page (of the songbook, I assume). I'll have to ask if the original is available. Untill then I'll just ignore it :) Anyway, I guess you can rewrite your comment as an answer.
    – Arsak
    Commented May 30, 2021 at 0:07
  • Is asking about the original something you imagine doing in the near future? If yes, I'll hold off until the new information is available.
    – Aaron
    Commented May 30, 2021 at 0:14
  • @Aaron I partly figured it out already: it's from the early 1990s, a magazine about keyboards and electronic music printed a transkription of a pop-song in each issue. I guess it might take a while to find a library that kept those old issues.
    – Arsak
    Commented May 30, 2021 at 0:42
  • 1
    The more information you can include in your post (name of piece, title of magazine), the more likely someone can give a comprehensive answer.
    – Aaron
    Commented May 30, 2021 at 1:09

1 Answer 1


As it was printed in a hobbyist magazine, I think we can be fairly certain they are references to the accompanying text. It's certainly not any sort of optional notation.

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