I noticed that Phrygian dominant (aka hijaz maqam) is used alot in middle eastern music. I noticed that the oud is used alot too and it's microtonal.

Since it's microtonal does middle eastern music still usually use scales that are made up of 7 diatonic notes (such as phrygian) that can be played on a non-microtonal instruments such as a piano? In other words, are the scales that are used in the middle east just a "mode" of western scales (major scale).

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