Questions tagged [brass]

The family of wind instruments that produce their tone through the buzzing of the lips into a mouthpiece. The most common brass instruments are the trumpet, trombone, tuba, and french horn.

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3
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1answer
25 views

Tips for going between trumpet and sousaphone from tune to tune?

I used to play mostly trombone in trad jazz bands. I got turned onto the cornet, and there was a need for someone in our area to play the cornet, so I got it "up to speed". For a little ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the correct name for this instrument?

I guess it's some type of trombone, but I can't find its correct name anywhere. P.S. If you're wondering, here's where I got this shot from:
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1answer
222 views

French horn - Getting higher register

Does anyone know some good techniques or practises I can do to improve my high range on the horn relatively quick (like 2 months quick)? It can be for brass and doesn't have to be specific for horn- ...
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2answers
53 views

wind instrument tone - good practice routine?

I understand that to get a good tone the best exercise is to play long tones. There are tons of variations of long tone exercises: a) starting pianissimo and ending fortissimo for as long as you can ...
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1answer
44 views

How to simply voice-lead melody for jazz brass

Hello and thank you for your time! My knowledge in music theory is limited, so excuse me. I don't know where to look for the answer. The goal is simple: harmonize a upper melody with chords stacked ...
13
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2answers
2k views

Does the lip really vibrate at the same frequency of a brass instrument?

The resonance of woodwind brass instruments can be modeled after a closed cylindrical pipe and calculated by the equation f = (nv)/(4L) where n denotes the number of harmonics, v the velocity of sound ...
9
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4answers
655 views

Just intonation on a trumpet

How would you realise an intonation system different from equal temperament on a modern trumpet? As a pianist, I can see how that'd be done on a stringed instrument or a trombone, but aren't the ...
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5answers
127 views

Buzzing into the mouthpiece of a transposing instrument

I have just started to learning how to play a brass instrument. The instrument that I have is a transposing instrument that can easily be tuned into either Bb or A with some slides. (I think I will ...
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What are the embouchure differences for the brass family instruments?

I play trumpet, but have little to no experience on other brass instruments. In terms of the physiology involved, how does the embouchure change from one (family of) instrument to another? Are certain ...
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1answer
95 views

Attacking the G above staff on tenor trombone

On tenor trombone, I have an issue playing the G above staff (concert pitch bass clef). My attack is really ugly, crackling. I more than often miss it, playing either on 2+ position or 4th position. ...
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3answers
155 views

How do brass instrument tune to non-fundamental notes?

Orchestras tune to A. But a trombone in 1st position can only play Bb or F. A trombone would need to be in 2nd position to play that A. How does the trombonist know whether to adjust the tuning ...
4
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1answer
86 views

When ending a note on a wind instrument, is there an audible difference between just ending the airflow and actively inhaling to stop the airflow?

I've heard several instructors teach students to actively inhale slightly when ending a long note. The logic is that the active inhale will obviously stop the exhaling airflow, and in doing so will ...
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3answers
487 views

Brass instrumentalists are taught that higher notes require faster air while lower notes require more air. How exactly is this different?

I cannot count the number of times I've heard the simple adage: To play higher, use faster air. To play lower, use more air, but slower. And unfortunately, this statement is just as confusing to the ...
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1answer
525 views

What are brass instrument "pedal tones" and "false tones", and how are they different?

The below two questions resulted in some debate, confusion, and consternation: What are the acoustics of brass instrument pedal tones? What are brass instrument “false notes” and how are they played? ...
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1answer
162 views

What are brass instrument "false notes" and how are they played?

In @AlbrechtHügli's answer to Properties of a very low pitched natural horn?, "false notes" are mentioned. What are they, and how are they produced?
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3answers
155 views

What are the acoustics of brass instrument pedal tones?

The natural range of a standard Bb trumpet, for example, extends down to F# (i.e., concert E), but by adjusting one's embouchure and air, it's possible to produce lower pitches. Those lower pitches -- ...
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3answers
79 views

Technically "contrasting" keys for sax and trumpet

I don't know a better way to say it other than "technically contrasting." My starting point is piano. Sometimes when practicing piano I want a quick "technically contrasting" key - ...
4
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1answer
82 views

Brass triple tonguing sylables' order. Why "TA TA KA" instead of "TA KA TA"?

I see in all videos on youtube, people say to say "ta ta ka" instead of "ta ka ta" for triple tonging. However, in my mind I always thought it was "Ta ka ta" and so it ...
8
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1answer
649 views

One tuba for everything: CC or F?

I'd like to buy a single tuba which will last the rest of my life. I'm trying to decide on which key: CC, or F. I've only played BBb tubas before, and that was 15 years ago. I want to play ...
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2answers
196 views

Difference between Thomanns "Alto/Baritone horn", "tenor horn", "baritone" and euphonium?

Apparently BAritones and Alto/Baritone horns are sold as different things. Also, I thought alto horns were called so in america and tenor horns in UK (or viceversa, cant remember), but it turns out ...
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2answers
567 views

Why am I unable to buzz my lips?

First of all, a little bit of context. I have been playing the trumpet for one year and a half already. I am undergoing my second change of embochure, so I really want to do things right not to start ...
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2answers
208 views

How much air comes out of the tone holes in a woodwind or brass instrument

When a woodwind or brass instrument is played, how much air, if any, comes out of the tone holes? Or does the air go into the tone holes due to the Bernoulli / venturi effect?
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Which instruments to physically familiarize with to become a better orchestrator?

Physically familiarizing with which two orchestral instruments would be a good compromise between having to buy all the instruments and gaining leverage in orchestral writing? My own opinion is ...
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1answer
223 views

Brass Instrument Valve Order

Brass instruments such as the Trumpet and French Horn have three keyed/levered valves. Some related brass instruments such as the Piccolo Trumpet have four keyed valves. The Tuba has four or more. ...
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3answers
446 views

Transposing bass clef instruments for Tuba, Bombardon, and Contrabass

I got myself an old full score of an arrangement for Dutch-styled brass band (fanfareorkest) to copy which the instrumentation is unconventional to me (I believe it's written in continental tradition?)...
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Logic Pro X 10.5.1...Certain articulations won't make sound?

I'm trying to do a trumpet fall articulation, and it shows up as registering even in the piano roll, but when I play it, it's silent. What's going on?
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1answer
67 views

Circular breathing: same technique regardless of instrument?

Is the technique of circular breathing the same across all wind instruments? For example, if I learn to circular breathe on a didgeridoo, will it be easy for me to learn how to do so on a trumpet?
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3answers
405 views

Why are brass instruments more comfortable with flat keys?

Taken from the first answer to this question: Should you write in F# Major or Gb Major? Some instruments—like brass—are more comfortable in flat keys. Although players should be able to play in ...
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1answer
42 views

What kind of things should trombones do in marching bands in the following case?

I'm trying to write some simple stuff (kind of) for brass marching band and not entirely happy with how it sounds. (But this might be because of the MuseScore sounds.) I have a trumpet playing the ...
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1answer
368 views

What are "Parforce Horns" and "Fürst Pless Horns"?

I suddenly found on Thomann these types of horns: Parforce horn and Fürst Pless Horn. I searched for them on Wikipedia and similar sites, Google, etc., but all I find is in German or other languages. ...
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3answers
940 views

Which brass wind instrument has the widest range?

Which brass wind instrument has the widest range? I mean, which one has more notes between playable lowest note and playable highest note?
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1answer
291 views

What is this natural trumpet?

On this picture of the London Gabrieli Brass Ensemble found here, one sees what I suppose are natural brass instruments. Does the trumpet right below have a specific name? It has a different form ...
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4answers
2k views

How do harmonic tones get "out of tune" on a brass instrument?

In a video I saw, a guy was reviewing a prototype trombone, and he said that "the high f is out of tune" (the sixth overtone) I don't understand how a fixed length of tubing (1st position) can produce ...
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2answers
1k views

Trumpet type or technique?

In Wagner’s “Rule, Britannia”, the orchestration calls for two trumpets. I’ve had no luck searching for what “vent.” and “ord.” mean. “Open” and “muted”, or ...?
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0answers
38 views

Looking for "big & brassy" band finales [closed]

I apologize for the crude example, but the last part of "Kyle's Mom's a Bitch" (timestamp: 1:17) is a direct reference to the trope I'm talking about. I've heard finales like these in countless ...
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2answers
333 views

Washing a soft (flute) case and removing mould

I am not sure if this question is a valid question as far as the Help Centre rules go. I have recently purchased a used flute (Trevor James Cantabile) which comes with a hard case and a soft case. ...
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5answers
680 views

What is required in a hollow "tube" to resonate?

What is required in a hollow piece of tube of any shape to resonate and generate musical stable pitches and harmonics?
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1answer
120 views

What is this horn-like brass instrument which encircles the player's body?

I saw this in a parade. The tone sounded like a horn. I guess it is enlarged to make it louder in open areas.
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1answer
74 views

Importance of jaw alignment for brass players

Some resources on brass instrument technique recommend pushing the lower jaw forward such that the front teeth are aligned. Is this a controversial recommendation? If not, how important is it to ...
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1answer
85 views

What are the common instrument blends in classical/romantic symphonies? [closed]

The motivation of my question "What are the common instrument blends in classical/romantic symphonies?" is to learn which instrument combinations (e.g. clarinet + violin, horn + oboe + bassoon etc..), ...
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7answers
5k views

How to distinguish between different instruments in a classical orchestra?

I want to train myself into distinguishing the instruments being played simultaneously in orchestral music (primarily Wagner and Bruckner, maybe Mahler). Ideally I want to be able to say at each point ...
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5answers
155 views

Coming from Trumpet: Which woodwind? [closed]

I've played trumpet for 3 years, and I'm thinking about picking up a simple woodwind instrument. I think personally, either clarinet or alto sax. But please, based on what I have played, price, and ...
2
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1answer
100 views

Best way to "clean up" an old trumpet?

I was given an old student trumpet (and case). It's surprisingly not dented, but looks awful--half the lacquer is gone and mixed with minor surface corrosion. However, it plays OK for a student ...
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4answers
293 views

What does the tuning of a brass instrument mean? [duplicate]

I've just purchased a bugle which is tuned to B flat. What does it mean for a brass instrument to be tuned to a particular note and how does this determine the notes that can be played on the ...
3
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1answer
292 views

Double and Triple Tonguing Syllables?

Brass and Woodwind players use specific syllables like ta-ka-ta for triple tonguing... I would like to know: What are the most common used syllables for double and triple tonguing? Are they ...
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3answers
178 views

How to get a fuller tone from a small bore trombone?

I have an old 1962 conn 18h with a copper bell that has a .484 bore. I am generally playing lower pieces that don’t sound as good as the high register. Is there any way (other than a new mouthpiece ...
6
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1answer
171 views

What are the effects of the shape of a bend in a brass instrument slide?

Some brass instrument manufacturers make a feature of the shape of the various slides - some have a semi-circular wrap, other more semi-elliptical. Some have a tight wrap (the two legs of the slide ...
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4answers
1k views

Trumpet playing to clarinet playing

Sorry if this has been asked here somewhere before but I haven't been able to find this question (I found the reverse situation of my question). I've been playing trumpet for several years now and ...
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1answer
206 views

Drying my trumpet out after playing

Whenever I practice on trumpet, after practicing there is a lot of water gathering inside the main tuning slide and thirs valve slide but also inside the valve caps so I have to unmount these valve ...
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3answers
3k views

Is divisi notation needed for brass or woodwind in an orchestra?

I'm composing for orchestra. I've read that divisions [of parts] should be notated using divisi. (or div.) above the staff. But I'm wondering whether this notation is mandatory for all instruments. ...