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Questions tagged [harmony]

For questions about the "vertical" aspects of music and how to build and study them.

3
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1answer
60 views

Appoggiatura chord

While learning one of the Mazurka's of Chopin, I came across a chord that I think is an appoggiatura chord but I need a second opinion. The piece is Chopin Mazurka in A minor Op. 68 No. 2 and the ...
6
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1answer
75 views

When was the dominant ninth chord incorporated in music theory?

The "ninth chord" that Rameau, Kirnberger, Marpurg or Koch (inter alia) discuss during the 18th century is the chord formed by a triad and an added ninth, and its explanation is always through a "...
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1answer
79 views

Microtonal theorists who go beyond describing temperament and scale construction

I know of a couple of composers and theorists who have written why they prefer a given tuning or number of notes. But what I am looking for is someone who addresses typical analytical and ...
2
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1answer
55 views

What are examples of non-Classical cadences?

Perfect/imperfect authentic cadences, half cadences, deceptive cadences, and plagal cadences have been around since at least Mozart. What are some either specific cadences or approaches to cadences ...
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3answers
151 views

Did Bach ever use melodic minor keys in chorales?

For example, E Melodic Minor would have C#, allowing for a ii7-V-I cadence.
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7answers
367 views

Doubling the third of a root position major chord in four-part harmony

In a manual for four-part harmony that I am reading, it is suggested to avoid doubling the 3rd of a root position major chord, as it sounds harsh. On a minor root position chord however, it is ...
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2answers
111 views

How does Bach harmonise chromatics?

The top line is soprano and the bottom line is bass. Is there supposed to be some sort of harmonic function used by Bach by the use of C#? The key signature is Bb Major, though this passage could ...
4
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1answer
59 views

Do Bach Chorales in minor keys ever modulate to the dominant major?

I am wondering if any of you are able to help me with this question regarding modulation. An example would be E Minor to B Major. Does Bach ever use this? Thanks, Jack
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2answers
95 views

What's the point of 7, 9, and 11 chords? (I understand the purpose of the V7)

I was taking a look at "How Deep Is Your Love" by Bee Gees, and had a question about the verse progression. Do these 7, 9 , and 11 chords have a practical purpose? Or are they just for some extra ...
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1answer
33 views

Analyzing Ryuichi Sakamoto's “Ballet Mécanique” 3

(listen from 2:31) I don't get how from the [D] part's last bar BbM7 (IV) you could go to the [E] part (Ab/C). And if you see the [E] part, you could see that I analyzed it as a modulation to Ab ...
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3answers
102 views

How does G/B get to A/C#?

(Listen from 0:50) The song is in F Major if you see at bar 4 from [B] (Gm7 G/B A/C#) I don't get the G/B, How could G/B get to A/C# ? Is it actually E7/B without the G# ? I don't get it and if ...
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2answers
87 views

How to name this ninth chord?

C-E♭-G-B-D How should this chord be named? This chord has a root of C. It is used similarly to Cm(maj7) in G major (think Great Pumpkin Waltz by Vince Guaraldi's B section: G Cm(maj7) G [this chord])...
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1answer
85 views

Perfect fourth is dissonant when there's no note below it?

According to Walter Piston's Harmony book, a perfect fourth is dissonant if there's no tone below its lower tone, while it's consonant if there's a third or a perfect fifth below the interval. In that ...
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4answers
477 views

Definition of Functional Harmony

In a recent conversation I had, there was a disagreement regarding the definition of Functional Harmony. As I've understood it, Functional Harmony would be defined by chords having a function and is ...
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2answers
76 views

Prepared myself for symphonic writing, still very nervous

History of my compositions and how I feel about composing a symphony I have been composing music for years but it was mostly intermittent and studying music theory. Now it is more regular. I have ...
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4answers
118 views

In what situations can a seventh be substituted for a triad?

My understanding is that a dominant seventh can be substituted when going from V to I. so V7 to I. But are there any other situations where a seventh chord can be substituted for a triad? I'm mainly ...
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2answers
54 views

Writing specific intervals

Is my answer the following question is correct: Q: What is the augmented seventh from E? A: D double sharp Method Write down the note (of your choosing) on the bottom line of the treble ...
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0answers
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How do modern performers harmonize Hindustani classical music?

Interested to know how modern performers harmonize Hindustani classical music. Like, I heard a beautiful piano performance in Raga Shuddh Sarang. Was wondering what would be the left hand playing - ...
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4answers
654 views

proper use of secondary dominant

I'm writing a song--the photo posted below is the last two measures of the verse and the first measure of the chorus (this is a reduction). I wanted to create some extra tension before playing the A ...
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0answers
23 views

Harmonic theory of Arca's music (experimental electronic with pop, some classical influence)

Here's an example (his song Now You Know [2015]). There's clearly lots of effects especially reverb, delay-based effects, and compression. Also, it seems that detuning and modulation/automation play a ...
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0answers
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Do we hear bass/baritone solo melody lines as being implicitly “on top of” the accompaniment, for harmonic purposes

I admit that the title of the question sounds a little strange, but I wanted to posit a more general question based on a specific song I was looked at. I was looking at this arrangement of Chega de ...
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2answers
45 views

is this a part interrupt?

at measure 6 , the soprano starts with the G so shouldn't the alto not go over the G till the next measure ? but you could see the alto is getting higher then the G through the measure.. is this a ...
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3answers
55 views

Do 4-part harmony rules also apply to piano arrangements?

Does rules in 4-part harmony also apply to piano arrangements ? Like for example no doubling the 3rd note of the chord, or moving in parallel 5, etc.
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1answer
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4-part Harmony exercise 2

The exercise was to make the tenor alto soprano for the bass note given. is there any rules I violated ? any feedbacks will be welcome thanks !
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2answers
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Is there any rule I violated in my 4-part harmony exercise?

The exercise was to make the harmony for the bass notes. I'm studying with a book by myself so I'm not sure if I am doing this right.
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0answers
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Electric Guitar John Coltrane Scale [closed]

I am trying to pull of this 26-2 on guitar any idea which scale is the guy with the hat using at about minute 1:59? ( ). Thanks a lot.
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2answers
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Non-western music with tonic/predominant/dominant (or something like it)

Are there any examples of non-Western music which have the equivalent of predominant and dominant passages as well as tonic passages, or even just the notion of dominant vs tonic? If not, are there ...
2
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2answers
86 views

Chord-scale vs chord/scale [closed]

Certain introductions to jazz teach that one should think harmonically in terms of "chord-scales" - for instance, that "E-mixed-third-7b913" and "E octatonic starting on a half step" are equivalent in ...
4
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3answers
139 views

What key is a piece in if an augmented chord is used as a dominant?

I personally think that augmented chords can be just as consonant as major if used in a certain way. For example, in the first octave of a piano, if I play an augmented chord, yes it will want to ...
3
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2answers
108 views

What makes a chord have predominant function?

I saw someone make the vague claim that in Debussy you can often identify passages with predominant function, even if they don't represent chords that are typically considered predominant chords. I ...
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6answers
75 views

Dominant seventh vs Dominant function

I saw how in the major scale the diatonic functions are: I - tonic IV - subdominant V - dominant and the V7 is called a dominant seventh Also in the natural minor scale the diatonic functions are: ...
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3answers
100 views

Why does this harmony work?

Here's Soma by The Strokes. If I'm not mistaken, the verse progression moves simply from a G chord to an F chord repeating. If the key is C, then this is just V-IV-V-IV etc. Since the chords are only ...
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1answer
117 views

Should I strive to create more complex harmony? [closed]

I was watching a video with Jacob Collier on how he goes about playing Amazing Grace with a bunch of 7th chords, add chords, slash chords, sus chords, and everything but the kitchen sink. But to me ...
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1answer
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dissonances and non-key chords to build tension in chord progression

This stack exchange has helped me create tension before a chorus by, for example: using a I7 chord to lead into a IV chord (secondary dominant) and even lowering that leading tone by an additional ...
2
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1answer
68 views

Harmonic Analysis of Chopin's etude op.10 no 5

In the circled part, what is the harmony? Is the E-flat a non-chord tone or is this just some weird chord? (I've only learnt basic harmony.)
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1answer
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Gradus ad parnassum: what does “seven must be set with third” mean?

So I came around this example in Fux's Gradus ad Parnassum (p.98) The purple dot marks bar 6. Joseph considers it an error, as explained here: What does "the seventh must be set with the third" ...
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5answers
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Should I know the chord name and scale degree when I play by ear?

Just to give a bit of context; say I'm playing a song in a certain key, F major. and let's say I'm playing the I IV V chords. I'm playing a song I learned by ear, right now it happens to be bicycle ...
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4answers
100 views

Harmony - Non-Chord Tones in Bass?

I am just working on my harmony 9, and I am wondering if you can have non-chord tones in the bass?
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4answers
758 views

Diatonic chords

My understanding from the circle of 5ths is that there are 6 diatonic chords for each key, is that because the the 7th chord is diminished?
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1answer
61 views

Understanding chord prolongations

Harmonically oriented neo-Schenkerian analysis and generative theories have in common the concept that a single chord can be "prolonged" over a given span of music, even if not every (or even any) ...
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3answers
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V-I harmony question

The V-I cadence, the perfect authentic cadence, is the most final sounding cadence. The tension and release caused by this progression explains why the V chord is so commonly used to lead to the I. I'...
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1answer
280 views

harmony tricks in cool rock chorus [closed]

here's a cool song by the growlers: Can someone help me unpack the chorus? It happens at 1:08. It has this sort of back and forth feeling--tension/release/tension/...
4
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6answers
328 views

What are the uses of inverted chords?

As far as I know, inverted chord can be used to create bass line. I am wondering about the other uses of it. Does it have anything to do with the melody in term of harmony and sound effects? Should we ...
10
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1answer
913 views

Chopin Polonaise in Ab major, op 53 change in key

In Chopin's polonaise in A-flat major, op.53, in the second section the key changes from A flat to E major. What type of change is this? Is it from the flattening of the sixth (F-flat major), or was ...
1
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1answer
98 views

What exactly is block harmony?

I heard of block harmony when I was experimenting with the dictionary in my Yamaha PSR 192 Database, and later when I went on Wikipedia. Both of these things told me that blocks are harmonies made up ...
0
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1answer
89 views

Are there any alternatives for the resolution of the leading tone rather than to the tonic?

If we are not making the vii/ leading tone resolving to the tonic, then how can I make the transition of vii chord to iii without being too awkward with the voicing? Do composers make it natural minor ...
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2answers
403 views

What do we call a chord progression that doesn't have a tonic chord?

I came up with a chord progression the other day: Fm7 Ebmaj7 Abmaj7 G7 It's clearly in C minor. But instead of resolving to Cm, I was looping through it. What catched my attention was that it ...
4
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1answer
48 views

Does the harmony change in this part?

In the circled part, does the harmony change to ii or is the D an échappé (escape note) to the dominant?
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3answers
2k views

Is Cmaj7 in the C major scale different than the Cmaj7 in the C Dorian scale?

I was told that the 7 in Cmaj7 indicates the 7th scale degree. But here's what's confusing to me: in the C major scale, the 7th scale degree is B. And the interval from the root note of the Cmaj7 ...
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3answers
157 views

Trouble writing chord progressions in minor

I've been composing in major for some time and decided to work in a minor key for practice. It's not going too well – I'm having trouble using common techniques in major, such as utilizing the ...