Questions tagged [harmony]

For questions about the "vertical" aspects of music and how to build and study them.

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3
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2answers
349 views

Interpolated chords: How do they work?

Recently, I studied the tune 'Misty' by Eroll Garner. I was slightly confused as to the middle section of the piece, as it involves a passage with some delayed resolutions. I have come across three ...
4
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2answers
91 views

How do I fix a last chord that has a doubled leading tone?

The chord is "V6 (i.e., first inversion) in Bb major", and has a "2/4" time meter. So far I have been able to set up the four different voice parts as follows: -Soprano: C -Alto: F ...
2
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2answers
111 views

Why is there no fourth minor scale with a natural 6 and a flat 7?

These scales are considered the minor scales: natural: 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7 harmonic: 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7 melodic: 1 2 b3 4 5 6 7 (ascending) However, this scale: 4th min: 1 2 b3 4 5 6 ...
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1answer
63 views

How does Modulation in Spirited Away - Name of Life work?

I was wondering if there is any harmonic reasoning and mechanism in play with the modulation from C major to Eb major in measure 103? The only "logic" that I can think of is that in previous ...
4
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2answers
114 views

How does music theory explain I-VII7-I? [duplicate]

In the tune called Whispering we find C-B7-C (I-VII7-I). The melody descends from C to B in bars 2 and 3. The chords also do this. B7 sounds a bit like a dominant chord to me but it uses non-scale ...
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1answer
51 views

Roman numeral analysis of chord with non-chord tone in bass

We use figured bass notation to help indicate chords in inversion by establishing the interval between the bass note and the other notes of the chord. I have seen figured-bass symbols applied to ...
4
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4answers
277 views

Harmonizing in fingerstyle with a bass line

I would like to learn some music theory relevant to harmonizing melodies for the fingerstyle guitar. The discussions of harmonization that I have seen focus foremost on the chord progression. This ...
0
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1answer
54 views

If I play C1, F1, G1 - will F1 and G1 together cause dissonance or sound bad(to most people)?

If i play C1, F1, G1 at the same time: • C1 & F1 = Perfect 4th • C1 & G1 = Perfect 5th ● What about F1 & G1 at the same time? Would these sound bad together? (to most people) What is ...
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0answers
39 views

Do 11th chords change depending on genre?

In my training, I've always learned (and I still teach) that 11th chords don't have the chordal third; the dissonance between the 3rd and 11th (an octave-displaced fourth) seems to weaken the chord, ...
0
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1answer
91 views

what is the method behind naming jazz chords? [closed]

I have recently become confused about how to name chords in jazz. This is my current understanding: Add chords (without 7th)- chord that contains the root, third, (optional 5th) and one or more ...
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6answers
55 views

Help with note naming in a diminished chord with extensions

I've always considered a diminished chord to be a stack of minor thirds. But when I think about this, it causes me problems when I try to name the notes. For instance in a C# diminished chord, we have ...
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1answer
86 views

Why is this jump allowed in four-division time strict part-writing?

From Tchaikovsky's harmony textbook, "Guide to the Practical Study of Harmony", page 121: Concerning example 323 (image below) in the 9th bar bass voice (red circle): Why is this jump from ...
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4answers
1k views

Where can I learn to write chord progressions like Bob Dylan?

Let me start off by saying that I have no folk background, and I am not aware of the rich tradition of folk or folk-rock. That being said, I understand that, similar to the blues tradition, there are ...
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5answers
385 views

Does melodic minor ever function as a key (or tonality) in of itself?

I am getting into jazz harmony, so have recently started learning chords derived from the modes of the melodic minor scale. As far as I can tell, these modes are primarily used for two main functions: ...
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2answers
98 views

Chromatic Passing notes in Tchaikovsky's Harmony book

From Tchaikovsky's harmony textbook, "Guide to the Practical Study of Harmony", page 98: In the image below, why are the bars contained in the red box of example 258 considered good? The ...
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3answers
76 views

Modal Chord Progressions [duplicate]

I understand how the modes sound different by targeting certain notes. That part is coming together aurally. What I don't understand is how a chord progression can be model. Since chord progressions ...
2
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0answers
52 views

What is the tonalilty/mode of Sitting on the dock of the bay -Ottis Redding? [closed]

I was wondering what is the tonality of Sitting on the dock of the bay ( ) since no diatonic scales fit the chord progression. Here is the chord progression : G | B7 | ...
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2answers
57 views

2 atypical cadences, are they half cadences?

So, I analyzed the harmony and structure of Grande Valse Brilliante op. 18, and most of the cadences make perfect sense to me, but there are 2 cadences that don't really, one on the tonic, which I can ...
4
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3answers
63 views

Ascending and descending chord movement and its effect on harmonic function

Is the cadence I to V the same regardless of its position relative to the tonic? E.g In C major C4 E4 G4 --> G4 B4 D5 vs C4 E4 G4 --> G3 B3 D4 The thing that has made me question this is the ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Is it better for the voice to match the music?

I'm 18 and very new to music theory. I was in band and middle school for a year and took Music Appreciation in my senior year of high school. But one thing I never came to understand was sound keys ...
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7answers
270 views

Alternatives to scale-centric beginning music theory?

I'm a noob music student and I recently asked a question here about the widespread use of a bVII chord in a scale where the seventh scale degree is vii°, and the general consensus in the many helpful ...
8
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6answers
905 views

Chord progressions in Harmonic Minor

I'm a noob at music theory, so I want to stick to basics and stay inside the lines (for example, stay diatonic for a given scale) until my knowledge is more advanced. I've seen a chart all over the ...
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4answers
557 views

When does a jazz tune actually modulate?

I am getting into Jazz harmonic analysis, and have watched a few analysis videos to start me off. I will be referring to the analysis that one youtuber (Justinguitarsongs) has made of the tune 'Misty',...
2
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1answer
64 views

Augmented and Diminished (Fifth) Chords Baroque Notation

Hello ¿Does anybody know what is the baroque notation of Augmented & Diminished (Fifth) chords? I'm talking about of chords like this: C-E-G# & C-E-Gb I need the baroque notation, for example: ...
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2answers
110 views

How to (decently) harmonize the modes of the “darkest scale ever”?

I was hearing this very interesting video by Rick Beato and Nahre Sol about the 7 modes of the "darkest scale ever" (the double harmonic major scale): The 7 ...
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2answers
158 views

Why do open voicings of chords sound less dissonant/more harmonious?

I have been thinking about why open voicings of chords are considered to sound better then closed voicings. It is just because the frequencies are farther apart and thus we have a more harmonic sound, ...
4
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6answers
808 views

Why does vocal harmony 3rd interval up sound better than 3rd interval down?

For a given chord, the chord tones are composed via going 3rd, like a C Major is a {Major 3rd, Minor 3rd} or a C Minor is {Minor 3rd, Major 3rd}. The 7th, 9th, 11th, and etc... are also created via ...
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2answers
711 views

How does this lick work harmonically?

Here is the lick (3:38 - 3:39). He is playing it over a F minor chord. The key of the song is Ab. It looks like he just playing extentions of the F minor chord. What is a better way to explain this?
3
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1answer
50 views

Cmajor11(#13) same as C(dominant)11?

I was learning about extension chords where I stumbled upon a question: if we play Cmajor11(sharp 13), wouldn't that have the note B flat which is supposed to be there in dominant chord? Shouldn't ...
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3answers
64 views

Is analyzing this passage as an expansion of a sequential phrase reasonable?

The passage is the opening of a Bach chorale... I was looking for a passage of the upper tetrachord in major. That seems relatively rare, and this was the best example I could find in the 371 ...
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3answers
325 views

How to write a string quartet

I have major problems with writing for the string quartet. I have studied 4-part-writing for some time now, but I still have very little clue about how to expand from the basic chorale texture, where ...
3
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4answers
141 views

Is there a term for the combination of melody and harmony, excluding percussion?

I am working with a simple sound generator, which can simultaneously produce multiple sine waves plus white noise. The sine waves can have their frequency and volume modified over time, and the white ...
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3answers
55 views

Can you use Diatonic chords for vocal harmonies on a vocoder?

If each note sung triggers that notes diatonic chord (on a vocoder) - and the notes are all in key- then will those chords ever clash with the chords of the instrumental or will they always be in ...
2
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3answers
84 views

Jazz walking bass for C to E7 (I to V7/vi)

I'm learning walking bass on the piano. All the walking bass guides I have say to play some approach tone on the last beat before a chord change. If the progression were C to G you might play F# or Ab ...
2
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1answer
68 views

The theory of song by deadmau5 ft. Rob Swire - Ghosts 'n' Stuff

I've wondered about the theory concerning a number of specific songs containing octave harmony - but one song in particular raises an interesting question. What exactly is happening in the chorus of ...
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2answers
154 views

What harmonic resources underlie on Pink Floyd's “Brain Damage” song which make it so beautiful?

Pink Floyd's "Brain Damage" is in the key of DMaj (I) , but the second arpegio chord (and perhaps the one that gives to the song his special sound) is G7 (IV7), whose 7th is a note that ...
1
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1answer
169 views

“Consecutive/parallel 5ths are bad” - does this rule apply to vocals? Or just piano, etc.? [closed]

If I use a vocoder to play the same note as a vocal + a perfect 5th above each note, is that a consecutive 5th? Is this "bad"? Also, if I play C1 and program the vocoder to play a perfect ...
4
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1answer
39 views

How can I borrow diminished chords with Modal Interchange?

I once heard a song that had two diminished chords in it, which probably has something to do with Modal Interchange, it's just I've never encountered it before. When I heard this song it sounded ...
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5answers
141 views

Are there any Neutral sounding harmonies?

I bought a vocoder to use as a layer for backing vocals but now I realize it sounds terrible when only used with one note. So I need to use it with chords or harmonies. But I only know very basic ...
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2answers
97 views

Which harmonies can't be used together? [closed]

For example in the E minor scale Can I stack all these harmonies? Or will it sound "out of tune". • 3rd • 4th • 5th • Minor triad • octave
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3answers
508 views

Name it Dm6 or Bdim?

I was trying to figure out what chord some melody is based on , and the problem is I can't name it. It is like Dm6 without 5th. And also it could be Bdim. It consists of D,B,F And the note D is on ...
3
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1answer
49 views

Music theory - secondary dominants

Do i still have to use 1st inversion when using secondary diminished triads or sevenths? I've been watching some videos but it didn't go over this.
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2answers
429 views

How do you explain this Db7 (functional harmony) in “There will never be another you”?

I'm analysing this Jazz Standard. And it's quite straightforward with some major and minor II-V cadences here and there yet there is a chord I don't know how to explain, and it is that Db7 indicated ...
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3answers
93 views

Fitting chords to the opening phrase of the Toccata (and Fugue) in D Minor BWV 565?

What are some of the acceptable ways to harmonize the first one and a half bars of BWV 565? In particular, what are some of the chords that would fit on the the opening A? Neither i nor V seems to fit ...
6
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3answers
592 views

What tone to play for an upper neighbor in jazz?

My question is about playing upper neighbors to embellish basic chord tone motion. Lower neighbors like this... ...seem to pose no problems. Just use half steps below and the neighbor sounds like a ...
2
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6answers
118 views

How is D7 functioning here? Applied chord both kind of does and doesn't fit

I am composing this Adagio piece in E Minor and there’s one chord in the starting chord progression that I can’t seem to figure out the function of, that being D7. It seems on listening to be an ...
8
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4answers
283 views

How to choose chords for chromatic melody?

I've been listening to a lot of impressionistic and avant-garde jazz music lately. When choosing chords in a tonal, diatonic concept, the formula is somewhat clear to me. If it's a note in the scale, ...
6
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5answers
515 views

How to compose better chromatic harmony

I've been composing for a couple of years and I have a pretty good understanding of how to choose chords for melody in a diatonic context. However, when I try to introduce some quirky elements to my ...
9
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2answers
964 views

Is it called a double stop if you play the same note on two different strings?

As the title says. If you play a note simultaneously on two strings in the same octave, is it still considered a double stop?
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4answers
85 views

How do church musicians learn to play hymns by ear if music lessons never really focus on playing by ear?

How do church musicians learn to play hymns by ear if music lessons never really focus on playing by ear? I have met many organists who play hymns by ear but I never understood how they learned it. ...

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