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Questions tagged [harmony]

For questions about the "vertical" aspects of music and how to build and study them.

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1answer
37 views

How to make the dominant preparation less boring?

This is one thing that I have always noticed when I compose a sonata. Even if I can get through most of the development section in sonata form, the dominant preparation sort of grinds my gears. I'm ...
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0answers
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What's the name for such extended usage of “weak” major scale degrees in ABBA's Happy New year?

Whilep laying ABBA's Happy New Year, I see they use a lot of so called "weak" scale degrees. For example, in the verse 1: A Bm A C#m7 No more champagne, and the ...
2
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1answer
29 views

Transposition to kalimba

I have this instrument called a kalimba or mbira, it has 7 tines. Notes from left to right are: e', g, d''', e, c', a, a' but from low pitch to hight it seems to be arranged in this form: E G A C D E ...
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2answers
106 views

How a chord is analyzed as a “chromatic mediant of the V”?

In the video How To Analyze Songs from the channel 12 tone, the guy wisely separates the task of labeling from analyzing. There's a comment where he lists some possible analysis options of the label ...
3
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2answers
160 views

Is there a website that provides song names as real life examples for each scale and mode? [closed]

I have recently started learning music theory on my own. I have had some previous exposure to Western music theory when I was in primary school (now I'm in college). So, I'm not completely new to the ...
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1answer
61 views

Can someone please explain differences between Ionian dorian phrygian (etc) scales [duplicate]

If you have C scale, C, D, E, F, G, A, H, C this is already Ionian. C dorian scale is when you play same tones but start from second tone, in this case D. I am correct?
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0answers
35 views

Can someone explain the melody that Michael League uses in this bass lick?

I'm trying to understand the theory behind the 'jazzy feel' bass lick used by Michael League on the song Continuum, specifically at the 6:24 of this video: By ear I ...
2
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1answer
57 views

Do melody notes over chords basically change the underlying harmony and the chord extension?

Lets say you have a bunch of chords you play a melody over. If the melody notes are a part of the underlying chord it sounds more consonant. But if the melody notes over the chord, are not a part of ...
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0answers
51 views

After key change from minor to major, why does the vi chord sound so bad?

After playing the progression: Dm9 Gmadd6(add9) FM7(13) C9 Gmadd6 FM7(13) Going back to the Dm9 right after this sounds pretty bad. I assume because the C9 implying key change from minor to ...
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3answers
73 views

Why does VII have dominant function in natural minor

I have noticed with my own compositions that I can take something like Bb major and use it to prepare for a C minor entrance, even if C minor is in fact the tonic. Also I have noticed that I can use G ...
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7answers
3k views

Can I have two different instruments play the same melody at the same octave?

I am writing an orchestral track and so far I have written the melody of strings (violins and such) and I want to add trumpets and here are 3 things I consider. 1) Have the trumpets play the same ...
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2answers
83 views

Are any keyboard methods or music theory concepts based on keyboard mirror symmetry?

About a year ago I noticed there is a kind of mirror symmetry on the piano keyboard regarding the shape/distance of the black and white keys when starting at C major and then chromatically descending ...
2
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3answers
92 views

Can someone help me understand this chord progression?

I've been jamming around with a chord progression that goes D F#m C(b5) Bm The odd chord out is the C(b5), but my ear likes the tension-resolution is creates to end on the Bm. I know there's no "...
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4answers
51 views

Does chord type(major or minor) remains the same for common chord progressions irrespective of any mode or scale?

I am very new to even the basic concepts of music theory so there might be something inherently wrong in my question but here it is, There are some common chords progressions which are denoted by the ...
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9answers
4k views

How to modulate very smoothly and stealthily from major to minor?

I would like to modulate from G major to c minor in such a way that it would be almost unnoticeable to the listener. I'm composing a piece in a style that's very Arvo-Pärtesque minimalist-sounding, so ...
3
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1answer
79 views

Notes in an A13 chord

Does an A13 chord include the 11th? Here's why I'm asking... If you google this chord for piano, sometimes the third (C#) is omitted and sometimes the 11th (D) is omitted -- but sometimes they are ...
2
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1answer
109 views

What are all the chord qualities?

I am working on some chord sorting algorithms right now, I was requested to add an algorithm that is capable to sort chords by chord quality, so afaik there are only major, minor, diminished, or ...
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3answers
2k views

Am I the only one to hear Cb instead of B here?

This comes from BWV 847 (the C minor fugue from the Well Tempered Clavier). Look at the third beat from measure 28. I can't help but hear an A flat minor chord here, that is Eb, Cb, Ab. Especially ...
3
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3answers
58 views

How should one describe that some solfege notes rhyme?

How should one describe that some solfege notes rhyme or perhaps share the same role? The two examples are do and so (I and V) and mi and ti (III and VII). C D E F G A B (...
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0answers
30 views

How to go about writing a second countersubject?

I have written a subject and countersubject. Here is how I went about writing the countersubject: 1st iteration: Restricted to D, G, and A(answer is is D major), all quarter notes 2nd iteration: A ...
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1answer
71 views

Odd and Even Harmonic Theory [closed]

I've been thinking of ways to harmonize melodies. One of my ways is to not think in terms of the seven diatonic chords, but to just think of in terms of "odd chords" and "even chords". Let's say we ...
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1answer
71 views

Harmonization a minor third in a major key

I have stumbled on a jazz song in key of major E which at one point has a minor third in the melody - tone G. It is at 0:15 in this YouTube video: . Time: ...
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5answers
142 views

Why is there a preference to odd notes in a scale?

I noticed there's a preference towards the odd numbers when forming chords: 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 And chords are usually built with 1-3-5, 1-3-5-7, 1-3-5-7-9 and so on. And they like to talk about 7th ...
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1answer
81 views

Can't understand parallel progression. Can explain with example?

I'm sorry, I'm very noob at music theory. I know major scales, minor scales (natural, harmonic and melodic) and them chords. Since yesterday (so funny) I believed that to compose a track (I love ...
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2answers
60 views

Audiation: dealing with key changes when you hear in terms of solfege

So, I'm a musician who believes very much in the value of audiation: that is, not only hearing pitches in my head, but also hearing them in terms of both the current harmony and the current tonal ...
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2answers
38 views

HARMONY- Neighbour note

Can the 7th note of a chord be a neighbour note? For example if we have the Em (E,G,B,D) can the D be a neighbour note if we have E - D - E?
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5answers
904 views

Why does Cdim7 contain an A instead of a Bb?

CM7 - C, E, G, B C7 - C, E, G, Bb Cm7 - C, Eb, G, Bb Caug7 - C, E, G#, Bb But... Cdim7 - C, Eb, Gb, A. Why Does Cdim7 contain an A and not a Bb?
3
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1answer
103 views

Appoggiatura chord

While learning one of the Mazurka's of Chopin, I came across a chord that I think is an appoggiatura chord but I need a second opinion. The piece is Chopin Mazurka in A minor Op. 68 No. 2 and the ...
6
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1answer
100 views

When was the dominant ninth chord incorporated in music theory?

The "ninth chord" that Rameau, Kirnberger, Marpurg or Koch (inter alia) discuss during the 18th century is the chord formed by a triad and an added ninth, and its explanation is always through a "...
8
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1answer
85 views

Microtonal theorists who go beyond describing temperament and scale construction

I know of a couple of composers and theorists who have written why they prefer a given tuning or number of notes. But what I am looking for is someone who addresses typical analytical and ...
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1answer
62 views

What are examples of non-Classical cadences?

Perfect/imperfect authentic cadences, half cadences, deceptive cadences, and plagal cadences have been around since at least Mozart. What are some either specific cadences or approaches to cadences ...
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3answers
217 views

Did Bach ever use melodic minor keys in chorales?

For example, E Melodic Minor would have C#, allowing for a ii7-V-I cadence.
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7answers
428 views

Doubling the third of a root position major chord in four-part harmony

In a manual for four-part harmony that I am reading, it is suggested to avoid doubling the 3rd of a root position major chord, as it sounds harsh. On a minor root position chord however, it is ...
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2answers
115 views

How does Bach harmonise chromatics?

The top line is soprano and the bottom line is bass. Is there supposed to be some sort of harmonic function used by Bach by the use of C#? The key signature is Bb Major, though this passage could ...
4
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1answer
88 views

Do Bach Chorales in minor keys ever modulate to the dominant major?

I am wondering if any of you are able to help me with this question regarding modulation. An example would be E Minor to B Major. Does Bach ever use this? Thanks, Jack
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2answers
105 views

What's the point of 7, 9, and 11 chords? (I understand the purpose of the V7)

I was taking a look at "How Deep Is Your Love" by Bee Gees, and had a question about the verse progression. Do these 7, 9 , and 11 chords have a practical purpose? Or are they just for some extra ...
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1answer
47 views

Analyzing Ryuichi Sakamoto's “Ballet Mécanique” 3

(listen from 2:31) I don't get how from the [D] part's last bar BbM7 (IV) you could go to the [E] part (Ab/C). And if you see the [E] part, you could see that I analyzed it as a modulation to Ab ...
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3answers
107 views

How does G/B get to A/C#?

(Listen from 0:50) The song is in F Major if you see at bar 4 from [B] (Gm7 G/B A/C#) I don't get the G/B, How could G/B get to A/C# ? Is it actually E7/B without the G# ? I don't get it and if ...
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2answers
93 views

How to name this ninth chord?

C-E♭-G-B-D How should this chord be named? This chord has a root of C. It is used similarly to Cm(maj7) in G major (think Great Pumpkin Waltz by Vince Guaraldi's B section: G Cm(maj7) G [this chord])...
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1answer
101 views

Perfect fourth is dissonant when there's no note below it?

According to Walter Piston's Harmony book, a perfect fourth is dissonant if there's no tone below its lower tone, while it's consonant if there's a third or a perfect fifth below the interval. In that ...
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4answers
595 views

Definition of Functional Harmony

In a recent conversation I had, there was a disagreement regarding the definition of Functional Harmony. As I've understood it, Functional Harmony would be defined by chords having a function and is ...
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2answers
93 views

Prepared myself for symphonic writing, still very nervous

History of my compositions and how I feel about composing a symphony I have been composing music for years but it was mostly intermittent and studying music theory. Now it is more regular. I have ...
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4answers
123 views

In what situations can a seventh be substituted for a triad?

My understanding is that a dominant seventh can be substituted when going from V to I. so V7 to I. But are there any other situations where a seventh chord can be substituted for a triad? I'm mainly ...
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2answers
59 views

Writing specific intervals

Is my answer the following question is correct: Q: What is the augmented seventh from E? A: D double sharp Method Write down the note (of your choosing) on the bottom line of the treble ...
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1answer
83 views

How do modern performers harmonize Hindustani classical music?

Interested to know how modern performers harmonize Hindustani classical music. Like, I heard a beautiful piano performance in Raga Shuddh Sarang. Was wondering what would be the left hand playing - ...
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4answers
692 views

proper use of secondary dominant

I'm writing a song--the photo posted below is the last two measures of the verse and the first measure of the chorus (this is a reduction). I wanted to create some extra tension before playing the A ...
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0answers
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Do we hear bass/baritone solo melody lines as being implicitly “on top of” the accompaniment, for harmonic purposes

I admit that the title of the question sounds a little strange, but I wanted to posit a more general question based on a specific song I was looked at. I was looking at this arrangement of Chega de ...
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2answers
47 views

is this a part interrupt?

at measure 6 , the soprano starts with the G so shouldn't the alto not go over the G till the next measure ? but you could see the alto is getting higher then the G through the measure.. is this a ...
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3answers
83 views

Do 4-part harmony rules also apply to piano arrangements?

Does rules in 4-part harmony also apply to piano arrangements ? Like for example no doubling the 3rd note of the chord, or moving in parallel 5, etc.
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1answer
213 views

4-part Harmony exercise 2

The exercise was to make the tenor alto soprano for the bass note given. is there any rules I violated ? any feedbacks will be welcome thanks !