Questions tagged [harmony]

For questions about the "vertical" aspects of music and how to build and study them.

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1answer
35 views

How to convert from one mode to the other?

I have no idea how modes work atm, I'm pretty competent everywhere else in theory, but I struggle with modes. Is it at all possible to convert modes? like from minor to phrygian? and what would be ...
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1answer
39 views

How is this basso continuo if it has only two voices?

Bwv anh 114 is based on two-part harmony. I have heard that this is bassically just basso continuo. How is this basso continuo if it has only two voices? The books on basso continuo talk about four-...
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4answers
74 views

Cadence I V I IV

This cadence with inversion is correct: key Gmajor G - D/F# - G/B - C? I have a doubt with the line of bass
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2answers
49 views

Applying schemata to chords other than I IV V

I have been reading up on Galant schemata (stock melodic phrases) recently and have run into a question regarding their universality. All of the various schemas (Prinner, Pastorale, Fenaroli, etc) ...
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2answers
1k views

Expanding the I-IV progression

I wanted to make the I-IV progression a little more interesting by having the I fall a third to its relative minor, vi, before moving to IV (so, I-vi-IV). I do like the melodramatic I-vi progression, ...
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2answers
122 views

Singing a C# over a F chord

I'm writing a song and suddenly I noticed I'm singing a C♯ over an F major chord. It sounds good (I suppose), but I'm a bit worried about the tension. I know it's common to sing the minor third over ...
4
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2answers
60 views

What is the difference between the Romantic and post-romantic periods?

This question came about when I was reading Blair Allen Johnston’s dissertation, ‘Harmony and Climax in the late works of Sergei Rachmanioff’ He loosely groups the post romantic period within 1890-...
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4answers
441 views

harmony with 24 note scales

has anyone tried writing music with 24 notes in the scale? so for each of the usual 12 notes an extra note is inserted between it and the next one 1 semitone above. I don't understand why people stop ...
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2answers
75 views

Progression of major triads on minor thirds

The notes of a diminished 7th chord form a 'circle of minor thirds'. I've noticed that some composers modulate through one or more major triads built on successive minor thirds, e.g. major triads on ...
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2answers
75 views

Is it possible to stick too closely to Mozart in an arrangement?

One of the many musical things I do is arrange pieces by other composers. As far as composers go, the easiest for me to arrange is Mozart(probably because of a combination of early and sustained ...
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1answer
39 views

Chromatic Mediant modulation: Can I use an omnibus progression for this?

So, I am composing a piece representing winter and I am right in the middle of the piece(the piece is in Rondo form and I'm at the C section). I started off in E major, then after being in the ...
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2answers
78 views

Tritone substitution in minor, just change the root or change the chord quality too?

Recently I've been practicing rootless ii V i in minor jazz from Jerry Coker's Jazz Keyboard. Here is the rootless chord chart... Unless I missed something in the booklet, Coker doesn't ...
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4answers
98 views

Does a drone create harmony?

I noticed there's no typical harmony (chords, etc) in Scotland the Brave but rather there's three elements: a drone on B-flat, the melody, and the drums. So is a ...
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2answers
81 views

Do extended suspended chords higher than ninth (9sus*) exist?

There are extended suspended chords, essentially suspended chords with added tones higher than the 5th degree of a scale. The only extended sus chords I know are 7sus2 (C-D-G-Bb), 7sus4 (C-F-G-Bb), ...
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3answers
85 views

Diminished seventh cadence, is this an IAC or a PAC?

I have seen a few cadences where the only dominant function chord used cadentially is a diminished seventh, mainly resolving to root position tonic, though I have seen a few resolve to an inverted ...
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4answers
100 views

What is the name of this chord? (Csus2+4)

The chord, is a Csus2+4 combination without the perfect fifth. The inversions are Dm7 (without fifth) and F5 (with major sixth). WhatI want to know is the name of this chord?
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5answers
684 views

How should I analyze this passage? As vii°7, V7, or both?

So, I'm doing another Beethoven analysis, this time using the Liszt transcription of Beethoven's Fifth so that I can more easily see the harmonies and form. I am analyzing it passage by passage, first ...
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8answers
1k views

Is harmony based on intervals rather than chords?

I understand this to be true: chords are basically just intervals. Our modern way of thinking about harmony is based on thinking about chords rather than intervals. This seems wrong. It seems like we'...
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2answers
349 views

Is Twinkle twinkle little star based on a drone/bourdon?

Is Twinkle twinkle little star based on a drone/bourdon? If you say no then what is it based on?
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1answer
61 views

Function of Minor sixth chords

What are the precise harmonic functions of the Minor sixth chord? I remember that I read somewhere that they play often the role of the I degree in a chord progression (like the often used 6/9 chord) ...
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4answers
109 views

Diminished 7th notation, match the key or key signature?

I'm planning on using a diminished 7th to modulate out of Eb minor and into Eb major. I'm thinking of using this diminished 7th or one of its enharmonic equivalents: This chord could then resolve to ...
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7answers
3k views

Exactly what does “diatonic” mean?

Is the meaning very context dependent, or can it be defined in general terms? Does the meaning change by author or period? Sometimes it's used to refer to anything that stays within a specific tonal ...
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0answers
57 views

What are the characteristics of Late Romantic Russian Music?

I've been recently listening to some late Romantic Russian music (Lyapunov, Kalinnikov, Tchaikovsky, etc.) and was wondering how best to mimic this style. So far, I've observed a handful of shared ...
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1answer
123 views

When does one omit the fifth in V7 chord in classical harmony?

The textbooks on classical harmony that I have read (Leo Semlek, "Klassikalise harmoonia lühiõpik" ["A Short Textbook on Classical Harmony"] and "Klassikalise harmoonia õpik" ["A Textbook on Classical ...
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2answers
103 views

How do I work out the chords in Rachmaninoff op 23 No7

In this piece Rachmaninoff's writing is very chromatic. It is very hard to distinguish what notes should be considered as part of the functional harmony and what are passing chromatic notes. I have ...
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4answers
70 views

Why can't a fugue begin on the mediant?

I've seen in a few places that the subject of a fugue begins on either the tonic (first degree) or dominant (fifth degree). From what I've read, the stated reason is that the answer (a transposed ...
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2answers
66 views

What is this chord in Haydn's Symphony No. 94?

Can anyone tell me what chord is in bar 115 of the attached image, and how it relates to the key of F minor (just edited, accidentally said F# minor at first) (which is also the subsequent chord)? It ...
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3answers
138 views

What is the harmonic function of a Eb/F in the Dm tonality?

What is the function of the Eb/F chord. How does it relate to the Dm harmonic field? The question comes from 0:30 time at Thank you
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2answers
67 views

Should we end phrygian and hypo phrygian on a major chord?

I saw an organ accompaniment in phrygian (or hypophrygian) (E as finalis). The last chord was C major. Should we end phrygian and hypoohrygian on a major chord?
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5answers
565 views

Jazz Chords: How can a Bbmaj9 be explained in the key of A major?

I'm looking at the sheet music for the song Sometimes in Winter: https://www.noteflight.com/marketplace/4V9yWpCsl2ktvMaaOd0Tgh/sometimes-in-winter It appears this tune is in A Major. In the 3rd bar, ...
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3answers
154 views

How to determine the degree to which diminished seventh chords and half-diminished seventh chords belong in major scales?

I would like to know how to determine to which degree belongs diminished seventh chords and half-diminished seventh chords in major scales, and which function do they exert. As the fully diminished ...
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3answers
91 views

Measuring key-relatedness of chords on the circle of fifths

Is there an easy way to visualise scale-degree triads for a given key, based on the circle of fifths? And to also use the circle to 'measure' how distant a given out-of-key chord is to our home key? I ...
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5answers
3k views

What's an “add” chord?

The name implies that you are adding a note, but we already notate that explicitly in the chord name and quality. We say Cm7, not Cm add 7. If we want a 9th, we can go Cm9, but is Cm add 9 correct ...
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2answers
349 views

What is the difference between diminished fifth and augmented fourth? [duplicate]

Are diminished fifth and augmented fourth the same intervals? They both consist of six semi-tones but why do they have different names?
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4answers
106 views

What is this chord in Grande Valse Brilliante?

The chord circled in red is what I am asking about. I know that in the measure before, there is a diminished seventh chord. I'm certain that this is a dominant function chord(or at least, locally to ...
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1answer
359 views

How would you explain the A natural in bar 11?

How would you explain the A natural in bar 11? How would you explain that the phrase ends in bar 11 and not bar 12?
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4answers
459 views

Characteristic scale degrees

Came across an article at openMsicTheory.com about harmonic function. Below excerpt was about finding function of a chord Each of the three harmonic functions — tonic (T), subdominant (S), and ...
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3answers
183 views

How would this chord from “I'll See You In My Dreams” best be analyzed?

In the song "I'll See You In My Dreams", there is a chord progression that I really love. I'm wondering if there is a "best" way to analyze one of the chords. The song is in the key of F Major, and ...
2
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3answers
85 views

Arranging K 545 for a string quartet, how to write the harmony part

So, I am trying a second time to arrange K 545 for a string quartet. I think my second draft is better harmonically speaking than my previous attempt to arrange the same sonata. But there is a whole ...
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3answers
89 views

Shell voices - what does it mean?

I’ve tried to answer a question about voicings in Jazz. I was not sure if it was concerning a 4 part or unlimited part voicing. Now I’ve seen that I’ve overlooked in the title of the question the ...
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2answers
58 views

Hindemith's Traditional harmony Book 1, Chapter II, rule 1

I recently started working my way through Hindemith's Traditional harmony Book 1 on my own. The instructions are short and simple, but sometimes too much so for a self-learner. I have reached ...
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1answer
93 views

How to use “synthetic modes”

Im having trouble understanding a concept in Persichetti’s book 20th century harmony (Page 43) where he introduces new scales he calls synthetic scales. Just before that he talks about the church ...
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3answers
415 views

Secondary dominants

I saw this progression as an example on an article about secondary dominants: C Am B7 C Is the idea here to have B7 as the dominant of E which is the dominant of Am?
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2answers
135 views

How can I reproduce this harmony?

In Bury Me by Bayside at about 3:09 (the line that starts with "I want your respect..."), they use a strange dissonant-sounding harmony: time stamped youtube link. It sounds to me like he's using 3 ...
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3answers
81 views

How do I play Gmaj7-Bm7(b5)-E7(b9)-Am9 with jazz shell voicings?

In classical harmony. V7-I has the 7th leading to the 3rd of the next chord and the 3rd leading to the 1. In certain jazz harmony the third stays on the 3rd and becomes a 7 of the next chord. In ...
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2answers
74 views

Augmented triad in Pathetique Sonata? How does it function?

I analyzed the harmony of the Pathetique Sonata as you already know, but one thing about the harmony in the first movement made me curious. No, not unconfirmed modulation or anything like that. No, it ...
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2answers
708 views

“Push chord”. What's that?

I came across this post the other day that referenced a "push chord". What does "push chord" mean in that context? Is that a term specific to Bossa Nova (a latin jazz genre), or is it just a term I ...
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2answers
122 views

Modulation from D major to D minor, should I go sudden or gradual?

I am composing a Scherzo in the key of D major and I have the first section of my Scherzo already written down. Now I'm into the second section of the Scherzo that precedes the Trio. And in this ...
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10answers
3k views

If equal temperament divides an octave into 12 equal parts, why are the hertz differences not the same but 12ths of two?

Let's take a 440Hz A pitch and the 880Hz A an octave higher. If we divide space between 440Hz and 880Hz into 12 equal parts, we would have: [440Hz, 476.6, 513.2 ... 880Hz.] And this looks ...
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2answers
58 views

What books do keyboard students use when learning figured bass? [closed]

What books do keyboard students use when learning figured bass? Are there any standard books ttat is being used by students?